Immune cell polarization, as a consequence of their cellular plasticity has been described both for innate and adaptive immunity. This cell polarization is finely tuned in cancers by several molecular mechanisms that include cell-to-cell contact, interaction via soluble factors, and metabolic alterations/adaptations. The final readout is the generation of immune cells with reduction of targeting/killing of tumor cells, tolerogenic/ immunosuppressive behavior, and acquisition of proangiogenic functions. Natural killer (NK) cells are effector lymphocytes involved in tumor immunosurveillance. However, in solid malignancies, tumor-associated NK cells (TANK cells, those in the peripheral blood) and tumor-infiltrating NK cells (TINK, those in tumor issues) show an altered phenotype and functions. Here, we discussed current state of the art on the dual role of NK cells during tumor progression and angiogenesis, focusing on the tumor microenvironment-related factors orchestrating NK cell polarization. Finally, we summarized current approaches used to manipulate/repolarize NK cells for immunotherapy approaches.

The Dual Role of Natural Killer Cells During Tumor Progression and Angiogenesis: Implications for Tumor Microenvironment-targeted Immunotherapies.

L. Mortara;D. Baci;G. Coco;A. Bruno.
2021

Abstract

Immune cell polarization, as a consequence of their cellular plasticity has been described both for innate and adaptive immunity. This cell polarization is finely tuned in cancers by several molecular mechanisms that include cell-to-cell contact, interaction via soluble factors, and metabolic alterations/adaptations. The final readout is the generation of immune cells with reduction of targeting/killing of tumor cells, tolerogenic/ immunosuppressive behavior, and acquisition of proangiogenic functions. Natural killer (NK) cells are effector lymphocytes involved in tumor immunosurveillance. However, in solid malignancies, tumor-associated NK cells (TANK cells, those in the peripheral blood) and tumor-infiltrating NK cells (TINK, those in tumor issues) show an altered phenotype and functions. Here, we discussed current state of the art on the dual role of NK cells during tumor progression and angiogenesis, focusing on the tumor microenvironment-related factors orchestrating NK cell polarization. Finally, we summarized current approaches used to manipulate/repolarize NK cells for immunotherapy approaches.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2114385
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