Fifty-five patients with descending thoracic aortic aneurysms were operated upon between October 1987 and October 1994. All patients were supported by a centrifugal pump during operation. The mean(s.d.) duration of cross-clamping was 39(13) min. In order to evaluate the efficacy of the centrifugal pump, haemodynamic and metabolic measurements were made on four occasions (before cross-clamping, immediately after cross-clamping and before cross-clamp removal) and again after cross-clamp removal. The haemodynamic data remained stable throughout the procedure: central venous pressure (15(4.6) versus 16(4.8) versus 16(4.6) versus 15(4.6) mmHg; P = n.s.), pulmonary artery pressure (25(6.2) versus 24(5.1) versus 22(5.3) versus 23(4.4) mmHg; P = n.s.), radial systolic pressure (119(19.9) versus 116(25.2) versus 111(25.9) versus 111(20.7) mmHg; P = n.s.) and heart rate (75(12.6) versus 77(14) versus 76(15.6) versus 78(16) beats/min; P = n.s.). The acid-base status deteriorated slowly during surgery. Values before and after cross-clamping were: pH (7.42 (0.04) versus 7.37(0.06); P < 0.05), base excess (-0.67(2.20) versus -3.70(2.50); P < 0.05) and bicarbonates (24(8.9) versus 20(1.9); P < 0.05). The cerebrospinal fluid pressure remained constant: 20(5.7) versus 19(5.9) versus 18(5) versus 19(5) mmHg; P = n.s. Renal function, measured before, and at 1, 3 and 7 days after the operation also remained stable (creatinine: 1.1(0.4) versus 1.2(0.4) versus 1.2(0.4) versus 1.2(0.4); P = n.s.; blood urea nitrogen: 46(18.7) versus 46(18.6) versus 51(24.9) versus 55(27.9); P = n.s.). Step-wise multiple linear regression comparing cerebrospinal fluid pressure against haemodynamic and metabolic data showed that during aortic cross-clamping there was a significant relationship between central venous pressure (P < 0.0013) and arterial pH (P < 0.0148), while before and after cross-clamping multivariate analysis showed a relationship only between central venous pressure and cerebrospinal fluid pressure (P < 0.0035). The results confirm that centrifugal pump support is effective in stabilizing haemodynamics and protecting the kidney during thoracoabdominal aneurysm repair.

SURGERY OF DESCENDING THORACIC AORTIC ANEURYSMS WITH CENTRIFUGAL PUMP SUPPORT

SALA, ANDREA ANTONIO
1997

Abstract

Fifty-five patients with descending thoracic aortic aneurysms were operated upon between October 1987 and October 1994. All patients were supported by a centrifugal pump during operation. The mean(s.d.) duration of cross-clamping was 39(13) min. In order to evaluate the efficacy of the centrifugal pump, haemodynamic and metabolic measurements were made on four occasions (before cross-clamping, immediately after cross-clamping and before cross-clamp removal) and again after cross-clamp removal. The haemodynamic data remained stable throughout the procedure: central venous pressure (15(4.6) versus 16(4.8) versus 16(4.6) versus 15(4.6) mmHg; P = n.s.), pulmonary artery pressure (25(6.2) versus 24(5.1) versus 22(5.3) versus 23(4.4) mmHg; P = n.s.), radial systolic pressure (119(19.9) versus 116(25.2) versus 111(25.9) versus 111(20.7) mmHg; P = n.s.) and heart rate (75(12.6) versus 77(14) versus 76(15.6) versus 78(16) beats/min; P = n.s.). The acid-base status deteriorated slowly during surgery. Values before and after cross-clamping were: pH (7.42 (0.04) versus 7.37(0.06); P < 0.05), base excess (-0.67(2.20) versus -3.70(2.50); P < 0.05) and bicarbonates (24(8.9) versus 20(1.9); P < 0.05). The cerebrospinal fluid pressure remained constant: 20(5.7) versus 19(5.9) versus 18(5) versus 19(5) mmHg; P = n.s. Renal function, measured before, and at 1, 3 and 7 days after the operation also remained stable (creatinine: 1.1(0.4) versus 1.2(0.4) versus 1.2(0.4) versus 1.2(0.4); P = n.s.; blood urea nitrogen: 46(18.7) versus 46(18.6) versus 51(24.9) versus 55(27.9); P = n.s.). Step-wise multiple linear regression comparing cerebrospinal fluid pressure against haemodynamic and metabolic data showed that during aortic cross-clamping there was a significant relationship between central venous pressure (P < 0.0013) and arterial pH (P < 0.0148), while before and after cross-clamping multivariate analysis showed a relationship only between central venous pressure and cerebrospinal fluid pressure (P < 0.0035). The results confirm that centrifugal pump support is effective in stabilizing haemodynamics and protecting the kidney during thoracoabdominal aneurysm repair.
P., Biglioli; R., Spirito; M., Agrifoglio; G., Pompilio; A., Parolari; L., Dainese; V., Arena; Sala, ANDREA ANTONIO
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11383/10284
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