The hair follicle represents a very attractive organ system for studying the precise balance between cell proliferation, growth, differentiation, and death of cells, because it periodically and regularly regenerates, retaining its morphogenetic signals throughout its life. One of the most intriguing oncogenes which is able to induce both cell growth and apoptosis, depending upon the environmental conditions, is c-Myc. The aim of the present study was to investigate its presence and localization in human hair follicles by immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence. Our observations demonstrated the consistent presence of two clusters of c-Myc-expressing cells in anagen follicles, located in two annular regions of the inner root sheath, at the border between cells characterized by putative trichohyalin granules and cells which are keratinized. The lower group belongs to Henle's layer, while the upper group belongs to Huxley's layer. c-Myc oncoprotein seems to favour apoptosis/differentiation and may be a marker for terminal differentiation of trichocytes, at least in the inner root sheath. Our findings agree with the interpretation that the complex morphology of the hair follicle reflects its complex function; the extrusion of a highly organized multicellular structure, the hair shaft, driven by another highly organized multicellular structure, the inner root sheath.

c-Myc expression in human anagen hair follicles

BRIVIO, MAURIZIO FRANCESCO;
2000

Abstract

The hair follicle represents a very attractive organ system for studying the precise balance between cell proliferation, growth, differentiation, and death of cells, because it periodically and regularly regenerates, retaining its morphogenetic signals throughout its life. One of the most intriguing oncogenes which is able to induce both cell growth and apoptosis, depending upon the environmental conditions, is c-Myc. The aim of the present study was to investigate its presence and localization in human hair follicles by immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence. Our observations demonstrated the consistent presence of two clusters of c-Myc-expressing cells in anagen follicles, located in two annular regions of the inner root sheath, at the border between cells characterized by putative trichohyalin granules and cells which are keratinized. The lower group belongs to Henle's layer, while the upper group belongs to Huxley's layer. c-Myc oncoprotein seems to favour apoptosis/differentiation and may be a marker for terminal differentiation of trichocytes, at least in the inner root sheath. Our findings agree with the interpretation that the complex morphology of the hair follicle reflects its complex function; the extrusion of a highly organized multicellular structure, the hair shaft, driven by another highly organized multicellular structure, the inner root sheath.
Apoptosis; C-Myc; Hair follicle; Scalp; Terminal differentiation;
Rumio, C; Donetti, E; Imberti, A; Barajon, I; Prosperi, E; Brivio, MAURIZIO FRANCESCO; Boselli, A; Lavezzari, E; Veraldi, S; Bignotto, M; Castano, P.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11383/1486157
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