Wear and deformation were characterized at the backsurface of 25 posterior cruciate-retaining total knee arthroplasty polyethylene inserts retrieved postmortem from 20 subjects. The mean implantation time was 64.1 months (range, 4-156 months). The backsurface of the inserts was inspected using a stereomicroscope with a digital optical system. Coronal histologic sections of 13 proximal tibias were inspected for the presence and extent of penetration of granuloma. Damage to the backsurface was limited. Polishing was recorded on 21 (84%) of the inserts and abrasive wear on five (20%) inserts. Pitting was present in 21 (84%) components, but involved less than 1% of the area in all but one of these components. Delamination and cracking were not observed. Extrusions were seen in all 10 of the components that had screw holes in the tibial tray. A correlation was found between the depth of penetration of the granuloma along the posteromedial screw and the height of the corresponding extrusion. The anteroposterior profiles showed a concave deformation of the backsurface in 24 (96%) of the cases. The concave deformation of tibial inserts may facilitate accumulation and transportation of wear debris to the tibial bone-implant interface through the screw holes in implants designed for cementless fixation.

Backsurface wear and deformation in polyethylene tibial inserts retrieved postmortem. Coventry Award paper

SURACE, MICHELE FRANCESCO;
2002

Abstract

Wear and deformation were characterized at the backsurface of 25 posterior cruciate-retaining total knee arthroplasty polyethylene inserts retrieved postmortem from 20 subjects. The mean implantation time was 64.1 months (range, 4-156 months). The backsurface of the inserts was inspected using a stereomicroscope with a digital optical system. Coronal histologic sections of 13 proximal tibias were inspected for the presence and extent of penetration of granuloma. Damage to the backsurface was limited. Polishing was recorded on 21 (84%) of the inserts and abrasive wear on five (20%) inserts. Pitting was present in 21 (84%) components, but involved less than 1% of the area in all but one of these components. Delamination and cracking were not observed. Extrusions were seen in all 10 of the components that had screw holes in the tibial tray. A correlation was found between the depth of penetration of the granuloma along the posteromedial screw and the height of the corresponding extrusion. The anteroposterior profiles showed a concave deformation of the backsurface in 24 (96%) of the cases. The concave deformation of tibial inserts may facilitate accumulation and transportation of wear debris to the tibial bone-implant interface through the screw holes in implants designed for cementless fixation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11383/1490537
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