This research investigated whether stretching of lung tissue due to increased positive alveolar pressure swings during mechanical ventilation (MV) at various tidal volumes (VT) might affect the composition and/or structure of the glycosaminoglycan (GAG) components of pulmonary extracellular proteoglycans. Experiments were performed in 30 healthy rats: 1) anesthetized and immediately killed (controls, C-0); 2) anesthetized and spontaneously breathing for 4 h (C-4h); and 3) anesthetized, paralyzed, and mechanically ventilated for 4 h with air at 0-cmH2O end-expiratory pressure and VT of 8 ml/kg (MV-1), 16 ml/kg (MV-2), 24 ml/kg (MV-3), or 32 ml/kg (MV-4), adjusting respiratory rates at a minute ventilation of 270 ml/min. Compared with C-0 and C-4h, a significant reduction of dynamic and static compliance of the respiratory system and of the lung was observed only in MV-4, while extravascular lung water significantly increased in MV-3 and MV-4, but not in MV-1 and MV-2. However, even in MV-1, MV induced a significant fragmentation of pulmonary GAGs. Extraction of covalently bound GAGs and wash out of loosely bound or fragmented GAGs progressively increased with increasing VT and was associated with increased expression of local (matrix metalloproteinase-2) and systemic (matrix metalloproteinase-9) activated metalloproteases. We conclude that 1) MV, even at "physiological" low VT, severely affects the pulmonary extracellular architecture, exposing the lung parenchyma to development of ventilator-induced lung injury; and 2) respiratory mechanics is not a reliable clinical tool for early detection of lung injury.
|Titolo:||Proteoglycans fragmentation and respiratory mechanics in mechanically ventilated healthy rats|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su Rivista|