Tumour hypoxia represents a major obstacle to the success of radiotherapy and chemotherapy. The discovery that the hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) is a master regulator of cellular response to low oxygen led to the concept that inhibiting HIF-1 activity may sensitise hypoxic cancer cells to radiation and cytotoxic drugs. In the present study we investigate the effects of HIF-1 modulation on the response of the human colon adenocarcinoma cell line HCT116 to 5-fluorouracil (5FU). Increasing HIF-1 activity, either by exposing cells to hypoxia or by forced expression of a degradation-resistant form of HIF-1alpha, results in poor cell response to 5FU; conversely, knockdown of HIF-1alpha by RNA interference prevents hypoxia-induced resistance to 5FU. PMX290, a thioredoxin-1 inhibitor, significantly inhibits HIF-1 activity and concomitantly sensitises hypoxic cells to 5FU. These results were confirmed in HCT116 cells grown as three-dimensional spheroids, a model that more closely reproduces the hypoxic environment of solid tumours.
|Titolo:||Effect of HIF-1 modulation on the response of two- and three-dimensional cultures of human colon cancer cells to 5-fluorouracil|
|Autori interni:||GARIBOLDI, MARZIA BRUNA|
MONTI, ELENA CATERINA
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Rivista:||EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CANCER|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su Rivista|