Abstract Although a hypertension-related hypalgesia has been described, the relation between pain perception and the 24-hour blood pressure trend is still unknown. The ambulatory blood pressure monitoring parameters and dental pain sensitivity were correlated in 67 male subjects. The pulpar test (graded increase of test current of 0 to 0.03 mA) was performed on three healthy teeth, and mean dental pain threshold (occurrence of pulp sensation) and pain tolerance (time when the subjects asked for the test to be stopped) were evaluated. Three groups of subjects with normal (n=34), intermediate (n=13), and high (n=20) blood pressure values were identified according to ambulatory monitoring results. Pain threshold differed among the three groups (P<.02), being higher in the group with highest blood pressure. The groups of hypertensive subjects showed higher pain tolerance than the normotensive group (P<.02). Pain threshold was correlated with 24-hour, diurnal, and nocturnal blood pressure values. Pain tolerance was also related to 24-hour blood pressure and to diurnal and nocturnal diastolic and mean arterial pressure values. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure loads were significantly associated with pain threshold, and diastolic load was also associated with tolerance. The blood pressure variability (SD) did not relate to pain perception. The 24-hour arterial pressure was more closely associated with pain perception than the blood pressure values obtained before the pulpar test. A close correlation between pain perception and 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure was demonstrated. The 24-hour mean blood pressure and loads, more than dynamic variations, were related to pain sensitivity, suggesting that the cardiovascular modulation of pain perception may be influenced mainly by sustained levels of arterial pressure.
|Data di pubblicazione:||1995|
|Titolo:||Twenty-four hour noninvasive blood pressure monitoring and pain perception|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:A1995RB88200029|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-0029007646|
|Codice identificativo Pubmed:||7768577|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su Rivista|