A cardiovascular over-reactivity to stress may participate in the pathophysiology of hypertension. The aim of this study was to investigate whether baseline indexes of autonomic modulation of heart rate or baroreflex sensitivity were correlated with cardiovascular reactivity to stress. Spectral parameters of RR interval variability and the LFalpha-index were calculated in a resting condition in 53 untreated subjects (34 hypertensives; 19 normotensives). The reactivity to stress was expressed as changes of mean RR and systolic blood pressure during arithmetic mental stress testing. The cardiovascular reactivity was not correlated with either baseline spectral parameters of RR interval variability or LFalpha-index. In the multivariate analysis no confounding effect of diagnosis (hypertension vs normotension) was found. Moreover no interaction between diagnosis and both LF/HF ratio and LFalpha-index was observed. Thus, the cardiovascular response to a mental stimulus appears to prevail over the baseline pattern of cardiovascular regulation independently of the presence or absence of the hypertensive disease.

Lack of relationship between cardiovascular reactivity to mental stress and autonomic modulation of the sinoatrial node in normotensive and hypertensive male subjects

GUASTI, LUIGINA;MARINO, FRANCA;COSENTINO, MARCO;GRANDI, ANNA MARIA;VENCO, ACHILLE
2009-01-01

Abstract

A cardiovascular over-reactivity to stress may participate in the pathophysiology of hypertension. The aim of this study was to investigate whether baseline indexes of autonomic modulation of heart rate or baroreflex sensitivity were correlated with cardiovascular reactivity to stress. Spectral parameters of RR interval variability and the LFalpha-index were calculated in a resting condition in 53 untreated subjects (34 hypertensives; 19 normotensives). The reactivity to stress was expressed as changes of mean RR and systolic blood pressure during arithmetic mental stress testing. The cardiovascular reactivity was not correlated with either baseline spectral parameters of RR interval variability or LFalpha-index. In the multivariate analysis no confounding effect of diagnosis (hypertension vs normotension) was found. Moreover no interaction between diagnosis and both LF/HF ratio and LFalpha-index was observed. Thus, the cardiovascular response to a mental stimulus appears to prevail over the baseline pattern of cardiovascular regulation independently of the presence or absence of the hypertensive disease.
2009
Cardiovascular reactivity; Spectral analysis; Heart rate variability; Baroreflex gain; Hypertension-essential
Guasti, Luigina; Simoni, C.; Mainardi, L.; Crespi, C.; Cimpanelli, M. G.; Klersy, C.; Gaudio, G.; Codari, R.; Maroni, L.; Marino, Franca; Cosentino, Marco; Grandi, ANNA MARIA; Cerutti, S.; Venco, Achille
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/1708120
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