Migration and superoxide anion (O2-) generation were studied in polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) from 14 athyreotic patients, previously treated by total thyroidectomy and radioiodine therapy for differentiated thyroid carcinoma, and from age- and sex-matched euthyroid healthy controls. Patients were studied twice: in hypothyroidism (visit 1) and after TSH-suppressive L-T4 replacement therapy (visit 2). Random migration and N-formyl-Met-Leu-Phe (fMLP) 0.1-microM induced chemotaxis were similar in cells from patients at both visit 1 and visit 2 and from healthy controls. On the contrary, resting O2- generation in cells from patients was significantly lower than control values, both at visit 1 and 2. At visit 1, fMLP 0.1 muM-induced O2- generation was significantly lower than control values, while phorbol-myristate acetate (PMA) 100-ng/ml induced O2- generation was similar in cells from patients and from controls. At visit 2 both responses increased, resulting in fMLP-induced O2- generation superimposable to control values and PMA-induced O2- generation significantly higher with respect to both visit 1 and cells from controls. In vitro exposure of PMNs from healthy subjects to L-T4 did not affect O2- generation in resting cells, and significantly increased that induced by fMLP or PMA only at high, supra-physiological concentrations. Neither TSH nor T3 had significant effects at any of the concentrations tested. The present results document the existence of a correlation between thyroid status and oxidative metabolism of human PMNs, which is however unlikely to depend upon a direct action of thyroid hormones on these cells.
|Titolo:||Thyroid hormone regulation of cell migration and oxidative metabolism in polymorphonuclear leukocytes: clinical evidence in thyroidectomized subjects on thyroxine replacement therapy.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2006|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su Rivista|