This study examined breed-specific stress related hormonal and gene expression profiles in 10 three Italian chicken breeds (Valdarnese Bianca, Bionda Piemontese, Robusta Maculata) reared in controlled conditions. Glucocorticoids work through the glucocorticoid receptor (GR), which modulates target genes transcription. We investigated breed-specific changes in corticosterone (ELISA) and GR expression. GR mRNA levels were analyzed using one-tube, two-temperature real-time PCR for absolute quantification of the gene expression 15 by the standard curve method. Our results show high expression of GR in hepatic tissue. Significant effect of the breed was recorded for plasma corticosterone concentration: Valdarnese Bianca 3.35 ng/ml, Bionda Piemontese 1.73 ng/ml, Robusta Maculata 2.02 ng/ml. Breed specific gene expression has been recorded with a GR ranging from 1.12Eþ04 (Robusta Maculata) to 1.00Eþ05 (Bionda Piemontese) mRNA copy number/100 ng total RNA. 20 Negative correlation was found between gene expression and blood corticosterone level.

Gene expression of hepatic glucocorticoid receptor NR3C1 and correlation with plasmatic corticosterone in Italian chickens.

TEROVA, GENCIANA;
2010

Abstract

This study examined breed-specific stress related hormonal and gene expression profiles in 10 three Italian chicken breeds (Valdarnese Bianca, Bionda Piemontese, Robusta Maculata) reared in controlled conditions. Glucocorticoids work through the glucocorticoid receptor (GR), which modulates target genes transcription. We investigated breed-specific changes in corticosterone (ELISA) and GR expression. GR mRNA levels were analyzed using one-tube, two-temperature real-time PCR for absolute quantification of the gene expression 15 by the standard curve method. Our results show high expression of GR in hepatic tissue. Significant effect of the breed was recorded for plasma corticosterone concentration: Valdarnese Bianca 3.35 ng/ml, Bionda Piemontese 1.73 ng/ml, Robusta Maculata 2.02 ng/ml. Breed specific gene expression has been recorded with a GR ranging from 1.12Eþ04 (Robusta Maculata) to 1.00Eþ05 (Bionda Piemontese) mRNA copy number/100 ng total RNA. 20 Negative correlation was found between gene expression and blood corticosterone level.
Glucocorticoid receptor; NR3C1 Gene expression; Real time RT-PCR; Rearing density; Stress
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11383/1716109
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