The phylogeographic structure of vairone (Telestes muticellus), a primary freshwater fish endangered in a large part of its distributional range, was assessed: i) to reconstruct the complex dispersion pattern in the upper Tyrrhenian hydrographic basins of Ligury, actually not recognised as peri-Mediterranean ichthyogeographic district, and ii) to evidence the shape of population genetic structure as useful tool for future conservation strategies. A partial fragment of mitochondrial DNA cytochrome b (497 bp) was sequenced in 109 specimens sampled from 8 populations, along an east-west geographic gradient. Fourteen haplotypes were identified, confirming the evolutionary distance between the two co-generic species: T. muticellus as ‘Ligurian’ clade and T. souffia as ‘French’ clade. The Nested Clade Analysis (NCA), the population genetic variability and population structure suggested a natural colonization occurred throughout the crossing of Alpine and Apennine watershed. The hierarchical Analysis of Molecular Variance (AMOVA) confirmed a geographic distinction between the populations from western (WTL) and from eastern (ETL) Tyrrhenian basins of Ligury colonised through the river capture processes along the Maritime Alpine watershed (Padano-Venetian district) and along the Apennine watershed (Tuscano-Latium district), respectively. Our results, evidencing the lack of genetic contiguity among vairone populations of the upper Tyrrhenian hydrographic basins of Ligury, allowed to recognise the presence of two management units (MUs) for its conservation.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Titolo:||Tyrrhenian basins of Ligury as a new peri-Mediterranean ichthyogeographic district? Population structure of Telestes muticellus (Osteichthyes, Cyprinidae), a primary freshwater fish|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s10750-009-9851-4]|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-70349984577|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su Rivista|