OBJECTIVE: To investigate the flow-resistance of a new generation of Heat Moisture Exchanging Filters (HME filters) during 24 h of clinical use. DESIGN: Before-after trial. SETTING: A general Intensive Care Unit of a university hospital. PATIENTS: A consecutive series of 96 patients undergoing mechanical ventilation for respiratory insufficiency of various etiology and severity. METHODS: The characteristics of the secretions collected by tracheal suctioning and the pressure/flow relationship of the HMEs before and after 24 h of clinical use were analyzed. RESULTS: The resistance of the HMEs when dry was 2 hPa/l.s, and it increased to a maximum of 1 hPa/l.s in 83% of the patients after 24 hours; in four patients with particularly heavy secretions HME resistance was 4-5 hPa/l.s. There were no significant modifications of the secretions within the investigation period, excluding, in particular, an increase in density with consequent tracheal tube obstruction. CONCLUSION: The gas conditioning efficiency and design performance of the tested HMEs did not create a significant obstacle to airflow medium term mechanical ventilation; however, these devices should be cautiously used in patients with heavy bronchial secretions.
|Data di pubblicazione:||1993|
|Titolo:||Use of heat and moisture exchanging (HME) filters in mechanically ventilated ICU patients: Influence on airway flow-resistance|
|Rivista:||INTENSIVE CARE MEDICINE|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-0027740152|
|Codice identificativo Pubmed:||8294629|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su Rivista|