PURPOSE: To evaluate long-term efficacy of intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) versus combined IVB and macular grid laser photocoagulation for the treatment of macular edema secondary to branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO). METHODS: In this prospective study, 18 eyes were randomized into 2 groups according to treatment: Group 1 (9 eyes) underwent IVB at baseline, at month 1, and at month 2; Group 2 (9 eyes) underwent same IVB protocol combined with macular grid laser photocoagulation. Macular edema and visual acuity represented the endpoints of the study. IVB reinjections were performed in both groups if recurrent macular edema was diagnosed. Spectral domain optical coherence tomography examination as well as visual acuity examination were performed during follow-up. Statistical evaluation was performed for a matched-pair analysis. RESULTS: In Group 1, median baseline central retinal thickness (CRT) decreased from 420 µm (95% confidence interval 355.6-484.4) to 323 µm (261.44-384.56) at month 12 (p=0.06); median baseline BCVA improved from 0.7 logMAR (0.54-0.86) to 0.4 logMAR (0.29-0.51) at month 12 (p<0.01). In Group 2, baseline CRT decreased from 386 µm (353.91-418.09) to 238 µm (200.58-275.42) at month 12 (p<0.01); median BCVA improved from 0.6 logMAR (0.45-0.75) to 0.2 logMAR (0.12-0.28) at month 12 (p<0.01). A statistically significant difference (p=0.03) was found regarding the median number of injections (Group 1: 4±1.1; Group 2: 3±0.4). CONCLUSIONS: Both treatment modalities appeared effective to control BRVO-induced macular edema. In the combined-treatment Group, we observed a lower number of reinjections during follow-up, suggesting the efficacy of grid laser photocoagulation to reduce the number of intravitreal injections and maintain short- and long-term results of the therapy.

Combined intravitreal bevacizumab and grid laser photocoagulation for macular edema secondary to branch retinal vein occlusion

DONATI, SIMONE;AZZOLINI, CLAUDIO
2012

Abstract

PURPOSE: To evaluate long-term efficacy of intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) versus combined IVB and macular grid laser photocoagulation for the treatment of macular edema secondary to branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO). METHODS: In this prospective study, 18 eyes were randomized into 2 groups according to treatment: Group 1 (9 eyes) underwent IVB at baseline, at month 1, and at month 2; Group 2 (9 eyes) underwent same IVB protocol combined with macular grid laser photocoagulation. Macular edema and visual acuity represented the endpoints of the study. IVB reinjections were performed in both groups if recurrent macular edema was diagnosed. Spectral domain optical coherence tomography examination as well as visual acuity examination were performed during follow-up. Statistical evaluation was performed for a matched-pair analysis. RESULTS: In Group 1, median baseline central retinal thickness (CRT) decreased from 420 µm (95% confidence interval 355.6-484.4) to 323 µm (261.44-384.56) at month 12 (p=0.06); median baseline BCVA improved from 0.7 logMAR (0.54-0.86) to 0.4 logMAR (0.29-0.51) at month 12 (p<0.01). In Group 2, baseline CRT decreased from 386 µm (353.91-418.09) to 238 µm (200.58-275.42) at month 12 (p<0.01); median BCVA improved from 0.6 logMAR (0.45-0.75) to 0.2 logMAR (0.12-0.28) at month 12 (p<0.01). A statistically significant difference (p=0.03) was found regarding the median number of injections (Group 1: 4±1.1; Group 2: 3±0.4). CONCLUSIONS: Both treatment modalities appeared effective to control BRVO-induced macular edema. In the combined-treatment Group, we observed a lower number of reinjections during follow-up, suggesting the efficacy of grid laser photocoagulation to reduce the number of intravitreal injections and maintain short- and long-term results of the therapy.
Donati, Simone; Barosi, P; Bianchi, M; Al Oum, M; Azzolini, Claudio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11383/1759662
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