A single administration of adriamycin (DXR) 6.0 mg/kg i.v. to rats brings about a biphasic impairment of the maximal myocardial contractile performance, measured as dF/dt of ex vivo isolated atria incubated in the presence of calcium concentrations varying up to 12 mM. The initial impairment of the contractile performance peaks 1 week after DXR administration and recovers within 3 weeks (acute phase of cardiotoxicity). After this time and up to the end of the observation period (8 weeks after treatment), delayed cardiotoxicity occurs, showing a progressive and irreversible impairment of the contractile performance of the atria. This behaviour parallels the previously shown ECG and morphological abnormalities. Tissue determinations of DXR showed that the drug is present in myocardium during the acute phase of cardiotoxicity, while the metabolite adriamycinol is not detectable 1 week after DXR administration. These data show that the presence of DXR and/or metabolites in heart muscle is not necessary for the delayed form of cardiotoxicity to become apparent and suggest that this form of cardiotoxicity is related to a mechanism different from that involved in acute cardiotoxicity.
|Data di pubblicazione:||1986|
|Titolo:||Myocardial contractility and heart pharmacokinetics of adriamycin following a single administration in rat.|
|Rivista:||CANCER CHEMOTHERAPY AND PHARMACOLOGY|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-0022896230|
|Codice identificativo Pubmed:||3802385|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su Rivista|