The paper summarizes the coordinated researches conducted by three Italian groups in the area of sex determination and differentiation in the dioecious species Asparagus officinalis. Morphological evidence indicates that sex differentiation in Asparagus consists essentially of selective abortion of gynoecium or androecium of initially hermaphroditic floral primordia occurring in genotypically determined male and female individuals. Abortion occurs in pollen-mother cells and anthers in females and in megaspore-mother cells but not in the vegetative tissues of the ovary in males. The differential developmental pathway is accompanied by changes in relative abundance of auxin and cytokinins. The genetic ssytem controlling abortion of male or female organs is apparently monogenic (possibly a bipartite gene) with factor(s) associated with the homomorphic chromosome pair L5. Other genes influence the development of reproductive structures as indicated by the presence of genetic factors controlling stylar growth in male plants. The presence of extensive polymorphism in isoenzyme and DNA restriction fragment length patterns (RFLP) allows the search for markers associated with 'sex genes': a locus encoding a malic dehydrogenase (MDH) isoenzyme has been found about 20 cM from sex genes implying that chromosomes in which sex factors are located could pair and recombine. Searches for messages specifically expressed in reproductive structures were conducted by 2D-electrophoresis of existing and newly synthesized polypeptides or of in vitro translation products of poly(A) +RNA from male and female flowers and by isolating specific monoclonal antibodies against sex specific floral antigens.
|Data di pubblicazione:||1991|
|Titolo:||Sex determination and differentiation in Asparagus officinalis L.|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/0168-9452(91)90273-B|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||A1991GW03200007|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-0002989545|
|Parole Chiave:||Asparagus officinalis, dioecy, sex|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su Rivista|