The effect of even dilute silica networks on the critical phenomena of binary liquid mixtures is profound. The network preferentially adsorbs one component, preventing a portion of the mixture from participating in critical fluctuations. Fluctuations in the remaining mixture are found to decay with a non-exponential correlation function near the consolute point. A correlation function consisting of the sum of an exponential decay and a non-exponential term of either an activated or stretched exponential form fits the data well. In the presence of the silica network, the mixtures are observed to phase separate near the critical temperature of the pure system, but while still in the one-phase region of the pure system.
|Titolo:||Consolute critical phenomena in dilute silica gels|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1993|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Relazione (in Rivista)|