In this paper a laboratory-scale experimentation allowed comparing the performances of two upflow anaerobic packed-bed (UPB) filters filled with different packing materials and operating at mesophilic conditions (30°C) for treating slaughterhouse wastewaters. Methane production was experimentally evaluated considering different volumetric organic loading rates as well as feeding overloading conditions. Although filter performances declined with loading rates higher than 6 kg CODin m-3 d-1 , the COD removal efficiency remained always above 60%. The experimental results allowed determining kinetic parameters for bacterial growth rate and methane production, following Monod and Chen-Hashimoto models respectively. Results demonstrated that the reactors reached a cellular retention time significantly greater than the hydraulic retention time. The kinetic parameter values (Ks, ;max) revealed the low microorganisms affinity for the substrate and confirmed the moderate biodegradability of slaughterhouse wastewater. The kinetic analysis allowed also the comparison of the filters performances with another anaerobic system and the assessment of the parameters useful for real-scale plant design. The system design, applied to a medium-sized Argentinean slaughterhouse, demonstrated to (i) be energetically self-sufficient and (ii) contribute to the plant water heating requirements.
|Titolo:||Treatment of slaughterhouse wastewaters using anaerobic filters|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su Rivista|