BACKGROUND: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) improves functional capacity in heart failure patients. This study aimed to prospectively analyze long-term device-based monitoring of physical activity in patients undergoing CRT. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Activity Log Index (ALI), calculated by CRT devices, represents the percentage of time when acceleration exceeds a threshold and monitors the physical activity. Data from 178 CRT patients (New York Heart Association III 91%, left ventricular ejection fraction 21+/-6%, left ventricular end-diastolic diameter 69+/-9 mm, QRS 159+/-27 ms, sinus rhythm 81%) were retrieved. The ALI increased from a baseline value of 3.6+/-2.0 to 11.2+/-4.6 (p<0.005) 104 weeks after initiation of CRT. A plateau was reached at approximately 12 weeks and thereafter ALI remained stable for up to 2 years. The magnitude of the changes in ALI was similar in patients with different etiologies and underlying rhythms. Despite similar values at baseline, elderly patients (>or=65 years) exhibited significantly lower ALI values than younger patients during the follow-up and at the plateau (9.5+/-4.2 vs 13.3+/-4.8, p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Device-based monitoring of physical activity in CRT patients is feasible. CRT resulted in a large and long-term increase in physical activity.

Activity monitoring in heart failure patients with cardiac resynchronization therapy.

FANTONI, CECILIA;
2007

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) improves functional capacity in heart failure patients. This study aimed to prospectively analyze long-term device-based monitoring of physical activity in patients undergoing CRT. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Activity Log Index (ALI), calculated by CRT devices, represents the percentage of time when acceleration exceeds a threshold and monitors the physical activity. Data from 178 CRT patients (New York Heart Association III 91%, left ventricular ejection fraction 21+/-6%, left ventricular end-diastolic diameter 69+/-9 mm, QRS 159+/-27 ms, sinus rhythm 81%) were retrieved. The ALI increased from a baseline value of 3.6+/-2.0 to 11.2+/-4.6 (p<0.005) 104 weeks after initiation of CRT. A plateau was reached at approximately 12 weeks and thereafter ALI remained stable for up to 2 years. The magnitude of the changes in ALI was similar in patients with different etiologies and underlying rhythms. Despite similar values at baseline, elderly patients (>or=65 years) exhibited significantly lower ALI values than younger patients during the follow-up and at the plateau (9.5+/-4.2 vs 13.3+/-4.8, p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Device-based monitoring of physical activity in CRT patients is feasible. CRT resulted in a large and long-term increase in physical activity.
Kawabata, M; Fantoni, Cecilia; Regoli, F; Raffa, S; Pastori, F; Fratini, S; Prentice, J; Klein, Hu; Auricchio, A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11383/1836936
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