BACKGROUND: Estimates of the prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) in heart failure (HF) originate from patients enrolled in clinical trials. AIMS: To assess the prevalence and clinical correlates of AF among HF patients in everyday clinical practice from HF patients screened for the T-wave ALternans in Patients with Heart fAilure (ALPHA) study; to investigate the correlation between AF and functional status. METHODS AND RESULTS: Consecutive patients (N=3513) seen at nine Heart Failure Clinics were studied; 21.4% were in AF. AF prevalence was greater with increasing age (OR 1.04/year, p<0.001) in non-ischaemic cardiomyopathy (OR 2.34, p<0.001) and with increasing NYHA class (p<0.0001). Multiple logistic regression predictors of AF were age >70 years (OR 2.35), NYHA class II III or IV vs class I (OR 1.8, 4.4 and 3.1) and non-ischaemic cardiomyopathy (OR 3.2). A logistic model indicated that AF was associated with a 2.5 OR of being in NYHA class III-IV vs I-II while accounting for age, gender, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), and aetiology of HF. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of AF in HF patients exceeds 20%, and increases with age and functional class. The presence of AF leads to a more severe NYHA class, indicating that AF contributes to the severity of heart failure.

Atrial fibrillation in heart failure patients: prevalence in daily practice and effect on the severity of symptoms. Data from the ALPHA study registry.

FANTONI, CECILIA;SALERNO URIARTE, JORGE ANTONIO;
2007

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Estimates of the prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) in heart failure (HF) originate from patients enrolled in clinical trials. AIMS: To assess the prevalence and clinical correlates of AF among HF patients in everyday clinical practice from HF patients screened for the T-wave ALternans in Patients with Heart fAilure (ALPHA) study; to investigate the correlation between AF and functional status. METHODS AND RESULTS: Consecutive patients (N=3513) seen at nine Heart Failure Clinics were studied; 21.4% were in AF. AF prevalence was greater with increasing age (OR 1.04/year, p<0.001) in non-ischaemic cardiomyopathy (OR 2.34, p<0.001) and with increasing NYHA class (p<0.0001). Multiple logistic regression predictors of AF were age >70 years (OR 2.35), NYHA class II III or IV vs class I (OR 1.8, 4.4 and 3.1) and non-ischaemic cardiomyopathy (OR 3.2). A logistic model indicated that AF was associated with a 2.5 OR of being in NYHA class III-IV vs I-II while accounting for age, gender, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), and aetiology of HF. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of AF in HF patients exceeds 20%, and increases with age and functional class. The presence of AF leads to a more severe NYHA class, indicating that AF contributes to the severity of heart failure.
De Ferrari, Gm; Klersy, C; Ferrero, P; Fantoni, Cecilia; Salerno Uriarte, D; Manca, L; Devecchi, P; Molon, G; Revera, M; Curnis, A; Sarzi Braga, S; Accardi, F; SALERNO URIARTE, JORGE ANTONIO; ALPHA Study, Group
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11383/1836940
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