Introduction: Pregnancy-associated breast cancer (PABC) is one of the most common malignancies during pregnancy. Since maternal age at the time of pregnancy is increasing, PABC rate is expected to increase. Diagnostic delays are common. Methods: Retrospective observational study analysing twelve pregnant patients with breast cancer who underwent surgical treatment during the period of February 2006 to June 2013 at the Department of Surgery I, University of Insubria Varese. Results: The median age of pregnant patients was 34 y (range 28-44 y). Three patients were affected by BRCA1 mutation. In six patients diagnosis was made during gestation, in the other six patients breast cancer was discovered during breastfeeding. Ten patients underwent breast-conserving surgery. Sentinel lymph node biopsy was performed in six patients; in one of them it was positive so axillary dissection was simultaneuosly performed. Six patients underwent axillary dissection ab initio. In all cases the histological type was invasive ductal carcinoma; grade 3 in ten patients and grade 2 in two patients. Eleven of twelve patients received adjuvant chemotherapy, one patient both adjuvant and neoadjuvant. In three cases also radiation therapy was performed after delivery. In all cases healthy babies were born. Nine of twelve patients are still alive and disease free, after a median follow-up of 20 months (range 3-52 months). Three patients died from systemic progression of the disease. Conclusion: There are no significant series of patients in worldwide literature to develop standard protocols. Pregnant women must be followed by a multidisciplinary team.

Management of breast cancer during pregnancy

ROVERA, FRANCESCA ANGELA;BONI, LUIGI;DIONIGI, GIANLORENZO;DIONIGI, RENZO
2013

Abstract

Introduction: Pregnancy-associated breast cancer (PABC) is one of the most common malignancies during pregnancy. Since maternal age at the time of pregnancy is increasing, PABC rate is expected to increase. Diagnostic delays are common. Methods: Retrospective observational study analysing twelve pregnant patients with breast cancer who underwent surgical treatment during the period of February 2006 to June 2013 at the Department of Surgery I, University of Insubria Varese. Results: The median age of pregnant patients was 34 y (range 28-44 y). Three patients were affected by BRCA1 mutation. In six patients diagnosis was made during gestation, in the other six patients breast cancer was discovered during breastfeeding. Ten patients underwent breast-conserving surgery. Sentinel lymph node biopsy was performed in six patients; in one of them it was positive so axillary dissection was simultaneuosly performed. Six patients underwent axillary dissection ab initio. In all cases the histological type was invasive ductal carcinoma; grade 3 in ten patients and grade 2 in two patients. Eleven of twelve patients received adjuvant chemotherapy, one patient both adjuvant and neoadjuvant. In three cases also radiation therapy was performed after delivery. In all cases healthy babies were born. Nine of twelve patients are still alive and disease free, after a median follow-up of 20 months (range 3-52 months). Three patients died from systemic progression of the disease. Conclusion: There are no significant series of patients in worldwide literature to develop standard protocols. Pregnant women must be followed by a multidisciplinary team.
Breast cancer; Pregnancy-related breast cancer
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11383/1884725
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