Objectives: The loss of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) classes I and II is a well-known mechanism by which cancer cells are able to escape from immune recognition. In this study, we analyzed the expression of antigen processing and presenting molecules in 2 cell lines derived from mouse models of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) and the effects of the re-expression of MHC class II on PDA rejection. Methods: The PDA cell lines were analyzed for the expression of MHC class I, II, and antigen-processing molecules by flow cytometry or polymerase chain reaction. We generated stable PDA-MHC class II transactivator (CIITA) cells and injected them into syngeneic mice. The CD4 and CD8 T-cell role was analyzed in vitro and in vivo. Results: Murine PDA cell lines were negative for MHC and antigenprocessing molecules, but their expression was restored by exogenous interferon-F. CIITA-tumor cells were rejected in 80% to 100% of injected mice, which also developed long-lasting immune memory. In vitro assays and immunohistochemical analyses revealed the recruitment of T effector cells and CD8 T cells into the tumor area. Conclusions: Overall, these data confirm that immunotherapy is a feasible therapeutic approach to recognize and target an aggressive cancer such as PDA.
|Titolo:||Class II Transactivator-Induced MHC Class II Expression in Pancreatic Cancer Cells Leads to Tumor Rejection and a Specific Antitumor Memory Response|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su Rivista|