The p73 locus gene has a complex structure encoding a plethora of isoforms. The different DeltaN truncated isoforms of p73 may exert different activities depending on the cellular context. The beta isoform of DeltaNp73 seems to have a particular pattern of action even if its role in cell cycle and mitosis is still under investigation. To gain further knowledge of DeltaNp73beta's function, we investigated the effects of its over-expression in tumour cellular models, using the tetracycline-inducible expression system. In the human lung carcinoma cell line H1299, DeltaNp73beta over-expression resulted in suppression of cell growth and in cell death. Surprisingly stable over-expression of DeltaNp73beta impaired the genomic stability of tumour cells, leading to the formation of tetraploid cells. The cells become enlarged and multinucleate, with incorrect mitotic figures, and died by apoptotic-independent pathways. Our data suggest that DeltaNp73beta-induced aberrant mitosis evades the control of the mitotic spindle assay checkpoint, leading to tetraploidy and cell death through mitotic catastrophe rather than apoptosis. The various C-terminal regions of DeltaNp73 may influence the final cellular phenotype and we assume that the beta one in particular could be important in both cell growth control and regulation of mitosis.

The p73 locus gene has a complex structure encoding a plethora of isoforms. The different ΔN truncated isoforms of p73 may exert different activities depending on the cellular context. The β isoform of ΔNp73 seems to have a particular pattern of action even if its role in cell cycle and mitosis is still under investigation. To gain further knowledge of ΔNp73β's function, we investigated the effects of its over-expression in tumour cellular models, using the tetracycline-inducible expression system. In the human lung carcinoma cell line H1299, ΔNp73β over-expression resulted in suppression of cell growth and in cell death. Surprisingly stable over-expression of ΔNp73β impaired the genomic stability of tumour cells, leading to the formation of tetraploid cells. The cells become enlarged and multinucleate, with incorrect mitotic figures, and died by apoptotic-independent pathways. Our data suggest that ΔNp73β-induced aberrant mitosis evades the control of the mitotic spindle assay checkpoint, leading to tetraploidy and cell death through mitotic catastrophe rather than apoptosis. The various C-terminal regions of ΔNp73 may influence the final cellular phenotype and we assume that the β one in particular could be important in both cell growth control and regulation of mitosis. © 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

The expression of the Delta Np73 beta isoform of p73 leads to tetraploidy

ALBERIO, TIZIANA;
2009

Abstract

The p73 locus gene has a complex structure encoding a plethora of isoforms. The different DeltaN truncated isoforms of p73 may exert different activities depending on the cellular context. The beta isoform of DeltaNp73 seems to have a particular pattern of action even if its role in cell cycle and mitosis is still under investigation. To gain further knowledge of DeltaNp73beta's function, we investigated the effects of its over-expression in tumour cellular models, using the tetracycline-inducible expression system. In the human lung carcinoma cell line H1299, DeltaNp73beta over-expression resulted in suppression of cell growth and in cell death. Surprisingly stable over-expression of DeltaNp73beta impaired the genomic stability of tumour cells, leading to the formation of tetraploid cells. The cells become enlarged and multinucleate, with incorrect mitotic figures, and died by apoptotic-independent pathways. Our data suggest that DeltaNp73beta-induced aberrant mitosis evades the control of the mitotic spindle assay checkpoint, leading to tetraploidy and cell death through mitotic catastrophe rather than apoptosis. The various C-terminal regions of DeltaNp73 may influence the final cellular phenotype and we assume that the beta one in particular could be important in both cell growth control and regulation of mitosis.
Apoptosis; Cell Cycle; DNA-Binding Proteins; Gene Expression Regulation; Humans; Mitosis; Nuclear Proteins; Protein Isoforms; Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction; Signal Transduction; Small Cell Lung Carcinoma; Tumor Suppressor Proteins; Polyploidy
Marrazzo, E; Marchini, S; Tavecchio, M; Alberio, Tiziana; Previdi, S; Erba, E; Rotter, V; Broggini, M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11383/2017102
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