Background: Vascular events in essential thrombocythemia (ET) are associated with advanced age and thrombosis history. Recent information suggests additional effect from the presence of specific mutations. Objectives: To examine the influence of age and thrombosis history on the reported association between mutational status and thrombosis-free survival in ET. Patients and Methods: Analysis was performed using a Mayo Clinic cohort of 300 ET patients, and key findings were reanalyzed by including additional 102 Italian patients. Results: Among 300 Mayo patients with ET (median age 55 yr, 60% females), mutational frequencies were 53% JAK2, 32% CALR, 3% MPL, and 12% JAK2, CALR and MPL wild type. One hundred and six (35%) patients experienced arterial (n = 75) or venous (n = 43) events, before (n = 55) or after (n = 71) diagnosis. In univariate analysis, compared to JAK2-mutated cases, JAK2, CALR and MPL wild type (HR 0.31, 95% CI 0.11-0.86), and CALR-mutated (0.53, 95% CI 0.30-0.92) patients displayed better thrombosis-free survival. JAK2, CALR, and MPL wild type remained significant (P = 0.03; HR 0.32, 95% CI 0.11-0.9) during multivariable analysis that included age (P = 0.01) and thrombosis history (P = 0.0006); a favorable impact from CALR mutations was of borderline significance (P = 0.1; HR 0.62, 95% CI 0.35-1.1), but became significant (P = 0.02) when multivariable analysis including thrombosis history (P = 0.02) was performed on patients younger than 60 yr of age. Conclusions: The favorable impact of mutational status on thrombosis-free survival in ET might be most evident for JAK2, CALR, and MPL wild type patients, whereas the favorable effect from CALR mutations might be confined to young patients.
|Titolo:||Mutations and thrombosis in essential thrombocythemia: Prognostic interaction with age and thrombosis history|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su Rivista|