Activation of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1 is a feature of hypoxic solid tumors that has been associated with drug resistance, mainly due to disruption of Bcl-2 family dynamics. Resetting the balance in favor of proapoptotic family members is an attractive therapeutic goal that has been pursued by developing BH3-mimetic compounds. In the present study we evaluated the response of human colon adenocarcinoma cells to the BH3-mimetic obatoclax (OBX), in terms of growth arrest, apoptosis and autophagy, in the presence or absence of HIF-1α-stabilizing conditions; its possible effect on HIF-1α expression and HIF-1 activity; and the possibility to improve the response of colon cancer cells to cytotoxic chemotherapeutics by combining them with OBX. Colon cancer cell response to the BH3-mimetic was unmodified by HIF-1 activation and OBX induced a decrease in HIF-1α protein levels and HIF-1 transcriptional activity, probably by decreasing HIF-1α synthesis and facilitating a VHL-independent proteasomal degradation pathway. Finally, a chemosensitizing effect of OBX with respect to 5-fluorouracil or oxaliplatin treatment was observed, highlighting the possibility that patients with hypoxic colon tumors might benefit from combined regimens including OBX.

The BH3-mimetic obatoclax reduces HIF-1α levels and HIF-1 transcriptional activity and sensitizes hypoxic colon adenocarcinoma cells to 5-fluorouracil.

GARIBOLDI, MARZIA BRUNA;GIOVANNARDI, STEFANO;MONTI, ELENA CATERINA
2015-01-01

Abstract

Activation of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1 is a feature of hypoxic solid tumors that has been associated with drug resistance, mainly due to disruption of Bcl-2 family dynamics. Resetting the balance in favor of proapoptotic family members is an attractive therapeutic goal that has been pursued by developing BH3-mimetic compounds. In the present study we evaluated the response of human colon adenocarcinoma cells to the BH3-mimetic obatoclax (OBX), in terms of growth arrest, apoptosis and autophagy, in the presence or absence of HIF-1α-stabilizing conditions; its possible effect on HIF-1α expression and HIF-1 activity; and the possibility to improve the response of colon cancer cells to cytotoxic chemotherapeutics by combining them with OBX. Colon cancer cell response to the BH3-mimetic was unmodified by HIF-1 activation and OBX induced a decrease in HIF-1α protein levels and HIF-1 transcriptional activity, probably by decreasing HIF-1α synthesis and facilitating a VHL-independent proteasomal degradation pathway. Finally, a chemosensitizing effect of OBX with respect to 5-fluorouracil or oxaliplatin treatment was observed, highlighting the possibility that patients with hypoxic colon tumors might benefit from combined regimens including OBX.
2015
5-Fluorouracil; Colon cancer; Drug resistance; HIF-1; Obatoclax; Oxaliplatin
Gariboldi, MARZIA BRUNA; Taiana, E.; Bonzi, M. C.; Craparotta, I.; Giovannardi, Stefano; Mancini, M.; Monti, ELENA CATERINA
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2024887
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