In the present paper liver fatty acid Δ6 desaturation ( fads2) activity was analyzed in two rabbit strains with slow- (S, 27.5 g/day) or fast-growing (F, 48.5 g/day) rate. The fatty acid profile of the liver showed a different PUFA profile in the two strains with a lower n-6/n-3 ratio in the S rabbits. The expression of fads2 was 2-fold higher in S than in F rabbits, whereas enzyme activity was higher in F and more oriented toward the desaturation of linoleic acid (90%). In contrast, S showed a higher preference for linolenic acid (38.9 vs 10%). This study identified a single difference in the fads2 amino acid sequence between these two strains. Such a difference consists in the substitution of Gly104 to Ser104 in the sequence of F fads2. These results indicate for the first time that genetic selection for performance may affect the preference for PUFA toward desaturation of linoleic/linolenic acid.

Activity, expression and substrate preference of the Δ6-desaturase in slow- or fast-growing rabbit genotypes.

RIMOLDI, SIMONA;TEROVA, GENCIANA
2016-01-01

Abstract

In the present paper liver fatty acid Δ6 desaturation ( fads2) activity was analyzed in two rabbit strains with slow- (S, 27.5 g/day) or fast-growing (F, 48.5 g/day) rate. The fatty acid profile of the liver showed a different PUFA profile in the two strains with a lower n-6/n-3 ratio in the S rabbits. The expression of fads2 was 2-fold higher in S than in F rabbits, whereas enzyme activity was higher in F and more oriented toward the desaturation of linoleic acid (90%). In contrast, S showed a higher preference for linolenic acid (38.9 vs 10%). This study identified a single difference in the fads2 amino acid sequence between these two strains. Such a difference consists in the substitution of Gly104 to Ser104 in the sequence of F fads2. These results indicate for the first time that genetic selection for performance may affect the preference for PUFA toward desaturation of linoleic/linolenic acid.
rabbit, linoleic acid, competition, long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids, liver metabolism
Castellini, C; Dal Bosco, A; Mattioli, S; Davidescu, M; Corazzi, L; Macchioni, L; Rimoldi, Simona; Terova, Genciana
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2026644
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 7
  • Scopus 14
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 14
social impact