Background and purpose Thrombolysis represents the best therapy for ischemic stroke but the main limitation of its administration is time. The avoidable delay is a concept reflecting the effectiveness of management pathway. For this reason, we projected a study concerning the detection of main delays with following introduction of corrective factors. In this paper we describe the results after these corrections. Materials and methods Consecutive patients admitted for ischemic stroke during a 3-months period to 35 hospitals of a macro-area of Northern Italy were enrolled. Each time of management was registered, identifying three main intervals: pre-hospital, in-hospital and total times. Previous corrective interventions were: 1.increasing of population awareness to use the Emergency Medical Service (EMS); 2.pre-notification of Emergency Department; 3.use of high urgency codes; 4.use of standardised operational algorithm. Statistical analysis was conducted using time-to-event analysis and Cox proportional hazard regression. Results 1084 patients were enrolled. EMS was alerted for 56.3% of subjects, mainly in females and severe strokes (p < 0.001). Thrombolytic treatment was performed in 4.7% of patients. Median pre-hospital and in-hospital times were 113 and 105 min, while total time was 240. High urgency codes at transport contributed to reduce pre-hospital and in-hospital time (p < 0.05). EMS use and high urgency codes promoted thrombolysis. Treatment within 4.5 hours from symptom onset was performed in 14% of patients more than the first phase of study. Conclusions The implementation of an organizational system based on EMS and concomitant high urgency codes use was effective to reduce avoidable delay and to increase thrombolysis.

Reducing time delays in the management of ischemic stroke patients in Northern Italy

BONO, GIORGIO GIOVANNI;
2016

Abstract

Background and purpose Thrombolysis represents the best therapy for ischemic stroke but the main limitation of its administration is time. The avoidable delay is a concept reflecting the effectiveness of management pathway. For this reason, we projected a study concerning the detection of main delays with following introduction of corrective factors. In this paper we describe the results after these corrections. Materials and methods Consecutive patients admitted for ischemic stroke during a 3-months period to 35 hospitals of a macro-area of Northern Italy were enrolled. Each time of management was registered, identifying three main intervals: pre-hospital, in-hospital and total times. Previous corrective interventions were: 1.increasing of population awareness to use the Emergency Medical Service (EMS); 2.pre-notification of Emergency Department; 3.use of high urgency codes; 4.use of standardised operational algorithm. Statistical analysis was conducted using time-to-event analysis and Cox proportional hazard regression. Results 1084 patients were enrolled. EMS was alerted for 56.3% of subjects, mainly in females and severe strokes (p < 0.001). Thrombolytic treatment was performed in 4.7% of patients. Median pre-hospital and in-hospital times were 113 and 105 min, while total time was 240. High urgency codes at transport contributed to reduce pre-hospital and in-hospital time (p < 0.05). EMS use and high urgency codes promoted thrombolysis. Treatment within 4.5 hours from symptom onset was performed in 14% of patients more than the first phase of study. Conclusions The implementation of an organizational system based on EMS and concomitant high urgency codes use was effective to reduce avoidable delay and to increase thrombolysis.
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY
www.elsevier.com/locate/ijcard
Avoidable delay; Stroke management; Thrombolysis; Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11383/2041909
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