Young male rats were exposed to a biphasic training program in which a 7-week preconditioning period of moderate treadmill exercise was followed by 8 weeks of strenuous endurance running. In comparison with sedentary control animals, the trained rats at 20 weeks of age had developed myocardial hypertrophy of the right ventricle (20%) and interventricular septum (23%), but there was no difference in the weight of the left ventricular free wall. Myocyte hypertrophy (26%) in the right ventricle was achieved through an increase in mean cell length (24%) and the addition of new sarcomere units in series. Exercise induced no acceleration of capillary growth in either ventricle, leading to significant decreases in the capillary luminal volume density (-21%) and surface density (-16%) in the right ventricle. Such alterations in the structural properties of the microvasculature implicated in oxygen availability and diffusion suggest that vigorous exercise, even after a preconditioning period, may still be detrimental to the myocardium. The techniques of myocardial morphometry were examined with respect to potential errors associated with oblique tissue sections and the use of light versus electron microscopy for cell counting. It was shown that the practical effects of obliquity are negligible and that electron microscopic resolution is essential.
|Data di pubblicazione:||1984|
|Titolo:||Morphometry of right and left ventricular myocardium after strenuous exercise in preconditioned rats|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-0021203652|
|Codice identificativo Pubmed:||6737994|
|Parole Chiave:||Animals; Body Weight; Capillaries; Coronary Circulation; Heart Ventricles; Male; Microscopy, Electron; Organ Size; Rats; Rats, Inbred Strains; Physical Exertion|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su Rivista|