This study compares the effects of cardiopulmonary bypass with different flows and pressures on intracellular energy metabolism, acid-base equilibrium, and muscle water compartments in two groups of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. Eighteen patients (16 men and two women aged 54 ± 7 years, New York Heart Association I-II) undergoing low flow (flow rate 1.5 L/min/m2 at 26°C), low pressure (mean arterial pressure 40 to 60 mm Hg) cardiopulmonary bypass, as well as 10 age-matched and sex-matched patients undergoing normal flow (flow rate 2.2 L/min/m2 at 26°C), normal pressure (mean arterial pressure 60 to 80 mm Hg) bypass were studied. Intracellular acid-base equilibrium (intracellular pH and intracellular bicarbonate, cell energetics (adenosine triphosphate, diphosphate, and monophosophate, phosphocreatine, and lactate), and muscle water compartments were evaluated in specimens of the quadriceps femoris muscle obtained by needle biopsy before and at the end of cardiopulmonary bypass. In both the low flow-low pressure and normal flow-normal pressure groups, adenosine triphosphate levels were unchanged at the end of bypass, whereas phosphocreatine concentration was decreased; muscle total water and extracellular water increased without variations of intracellular water; muscle and plasma lactate increased as intracellular bicarbonate decreased; intracellular pH values remained unchanged. The present study suggests the following: (1) Cardiopulmonary bypass is associated with the overall preservation of intracellular compartment metabolism in skeletal muscle (about 40% of body cell mass) of patients undergoing coronary bypass grafting, even though low phosphocreatine values and increased plasma and muscle lactate values found at the end of bypass could be an expression of cell functional reserve exhaustion; (2) the effects of cardiopulmonary bypass on cell metabolism are comparable, regardless of the flows and pressures used.
|Data di pubblicazione:||1990|
|Titolo:||A comparative clinical study on the effects of cardiopulmonary bypass with different flows and pressures on skeletal muscle cell metabolism in patients undergoing coronary bypass grafting|
|Rivista:||JOURNAL OF THORACIC AND CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:A1990CN61300019|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-0025356093|
|Parole Chiave:||article; cardiopulmonary bypass; clinical article; coronary artery bypass graft; human; metabolism; muscle cell; priority journal|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su Rivista|