Aim of this study is the review of our experience in 82 patients treated by pericardial drainage for cardiac tamponade, to assess the efficacy and safety of different techniques and the related indications. The causes of pericardial effusion were: malignancy in 8 patients (9.7%), post-cardiac surgery in 12 (14.6%), while the others patients were admitted at our Institution with no identified preoperative diagnosis. Thirty-eight patients (46%) underwent subxiphoid pericardial drainage and 44 (54%) were operated on by catheter pericardiocentesis. There were no perioperative deaths. Two patients, who initially underwent pericardiocentesis, needed urgent sternotomy: the first patient developed a severe hypotension and bradicardia related to a vagal reaction and the other one because of accidental right ventricle puncture. Our experience indicates that subxiphoid pericardiocentesis provides expeditious, effective and durable treatment, with low morbidity, in case of pericardial effusions related to all causes. We believe that echocardiography is a powerful tool in the diagnosis and management of pericardial effusion. We conclude that pericardiocentesis seems to be the procedure of choice for patients with pericardial tamponade requiring an emergency treatment.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2001|
|Titolo:||Pericardial drainage for pericardial tamponade: surgical management criteria|
|Rivista:||ACTA BIO-MEDICA DE L'ATENEO PARMENSE|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-0035706728|
|Parole Chiave:||adult; article; bradycardia; controlled study; disease association; echocardiography; female; heart injury; heart tamponade; human; hypotension; major clinical study; male; pericardiocentesis|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su Rivista|