Objective: To compare dentoalveolar and skeletal changes produced by the pendulum appliance (PA) and the distal screw appliance (DS) in Class II patients. Methods: Forty-three patients (19 men, 24 women) with Class II malocclusion were retrospectively selected for the study. Twenty-four patients (mean age, 12.2 ± 1.5 years) were treated with the PA, and 19 patients (mean age, 11.3 ± 1.9 years) were treated with the DS. The mean distalization time was 7 months for the PA group and 9 months for the DS group. Lateral cephalograms were obtained at T1, before treatment, and at T2, the end of distalization. A Mann-Whitney U test was used for statistical comparisons of the two groups between T1 and T2. Results: PA and DS were equally effective in distalizing maxillary molars (4.7 mm and 4.2 mm, respectively) between T1 and T2; however, the maxillary first molars showed less distal tipping in the DS group than in the PA group (3.2<sup>o</sup> vs. 9.0<sup>o</sup>, respectively). Moreover, significant premolar anchorage loss (2.7 mm) and incisor proclination (5.0<sup>o</sup>) were noted in the PA group, whereas premolar distal movement (1.9 mm) and no significant changes at the incisor (0.1<sup>o</sup>) were observed in the DS group. No significant sagittal or vertical skeletal changes were detected between the two groups during the distalization phase. Conclusions: PA and DS seem to be equally effective in distalizing maxillary molars; however, greater distal molar tipping and premolar anchorage loss can be expected using PA.
|Titolo:||Comparative evaluation of molar distalization therapy using pendulum and distal screw appliances|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su Rivista|