The decision concerning the introduction of primary and secondary prophylaxis of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients with solid brain neoplasms and brain metastases is often challenging due to the concomitant increased risk of intracranial hemorrhage and to limited evidence from available literature. A standardized questionnaire composed of nine multiple-choice questions regarding primary VTE prevention in non-surgical patients during high-risk conditions and VTE secondary prevention in patients with a solid brain neoplasm or cerebral metastases was sent via electronic mail to all the members (n = 2420) of the Italian Federation of the Internal Medicine Hospital Executives’ Associations (FADOI) in June 2015. Three hundred and fifty two physicians (14.5%) returned it (participants' median age 51 years; females 46.9%). The majority of respondents prescribe primary thromboprophylaxis (usually with heparin) in non-surgical patients with solid brain neoplasms and brain metastases in concomitance with high-risk conditions. Full-dose anticoagulation with either low-molecular-weight heparin or fondaparinux is the preferred option for acute VTE (69.6%), while a reduced dose is chosen by 21.0% of physicians. The presence of a highly vascular brain neoplasm histotype mandates the prescription of a reduced-dose antithrombotic regimen in a minority of respondents. Vena cava filter placement is an option for the treatment of acute VTE in more than 6% of respondents. Anticoagulants are often prescribed for both VTE primary prevention and treatment. In conclusion, physicians’ managements are partially in contrast to recent guidelines, reinforcing the need for educational programs and other studies in this setting.
|Titolo:||Prevention and treatment of venous thromboembolism in patients with solid brain neoplasms: results of a survey among Italian physicians|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su Rivista|