Improved methods for detailed characterization of complex glycoproteins are required in the growing sector of biopharmaceuticals. Hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC) coupled to high resolution (HR) time-of-flight mass spectrometric (TOF-MS) detection was examined for the characterization of intact neo-glycoproteins prepared by chemical conjugation of synthetic saccharides to the lysine residues of selected recombinant proteins. The separation performances of three different amide HILIC columns (TSKgel Amide-80, XBridge BEH and AdvanceBio Glycan Mapping) were tested. Water-acetonitrile gradients and volatile eluent additives have been explored. Addition of 0.05% (v/v) trifluoroacetic acid to the mobile phase appeared to be essential for achieving optimum resolution of intact glycoforms and minimal ion suppression effects. Gradient elution conditions were optimized for each protein on every column. HILIC stationary phases were evaluated for the analysis of highly heterogeneous semi-synthetic derivatives of the same protein (ribonuclease A), and in the enhanced characterization of TB10.4 and Ag85B glycoconjugates, selected antigens from Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB). HILIC-MS results indicated that the HILIC selectivity is predominantly governed by size of the conjugated glycans and number of glycans attached, providing efficient glycoform separation. Moreover, HILIC separation prior to HRMS detection allowed assignment of several product impurities. Additional top-down MS/MS experiments confirmed conjugation at the N-terminus of TB10.4 next to its lysine residue. Overall, the obtained results demonstrate that amide-stationary-phase based HILIC coupled to MS is highly useful for the characterization of intact neo-glycoproteins allowing assessment of the number, identity and relative abundance of glycoforms present in the semi-synthetic products.

Hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry as a new tool for the characterization of intact semi-synthetic glycoproteins

PIUBELLI, LUCIANO;POLLEGIONI, LOREDANO;
2017

Abstract

Improved methods for detailed characterization of complex glycoproteins are required in the growing sector of biopharmaceuticals. Hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC) coupled to high resolution (HR) time-of-flight mass spectrometric (TOF-MS) detection was examined for the characterization of intact neo-glycoproteins prepared by chemical conjugation of synthetic saccharides to the lysine residues of selected recombinant proteins. The separation performances of three different amide HILIC columns (TSKgel Amide-80, XBridge BEH and AdvanceBio Glycan Mapping) were tested. Water-acetonitrile gradients and volatile eluent additives have been explored. Addition of 0.05% (v/v) trifluoroacetic acid to the mobile phase appeared to be essential for achieving optimum resolution of intact glycoforms and minimal ion suppression effects. Gradient elution conditions were optimized for each protein on every column. HILIC stationary phases were evaluated for the analysis of highly heterogeneous semi-synthetic derivatives of the same protein (ribonuclease A), and in the enhanced characterization of TB10.4 and Ag85B glycoconjugates, selected antigens from Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB). HILIC-MS results indicated that the HILIC selectivity is predominantly governed by size of the conjugated glycans and number of glycans attached, providing efficient glycoform separation. Moreover, HILIC separation prior to HRMS detection allowed assignment of several product impurities. Additional top-down MS/MS experiments confirmed conjugation at the N-terminus of TB10.4 next to its lysine residue. Overall, the obtained results demonstrate that amide-stationary-phase based HILIC coupled to MS is highly useful for the characterization of intact neo-glycoproteins allowing assessment of the number, identity and relative abundance of glycoforms present in the semi-synthetic products.
Hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography; Intact protein analysis; Mass spectrometry; Neo-glycoproteins
Tengattini, Sara; Domínguez Vega, Elena; Temporini, Caterina; Bavaro, Teodora; Rinaldi, Francesca; Piubelli, Luciano; Pollegioni, Loredano; Massolini, Gabriella; Somsen, Govert W.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11383/2064001
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