Introduction: To retrospectively compare early and late results of aorto-bifemoral bypass and endovascular recanalization with the kissing stent technique in the management of TASC II C and D lesions in the aorto-iliac district in a multicentre study. Methods: From January 2006 to December 2013, 293 open and endovascular interventions for TASC-II class C and D aorto-iliac obstructive lesions were performed at three Italian teaching hospitals. In 210 patients the intervention was performed for aortic and bilateral iliac involvement: an aorto-bifemoral bypass was performed in 82 patients (Group 1) while in the remaining 128 an endovascular recanalization with the kissing stent technique (Group 2). Early results in the two groups were compared with χ2 test. Follow up results were analyzed with Kaplan-Meyer curves and compared with log rank test. Results: There were no differences between the two groups in terms of demographic data, comorbidities, or risk factors for atherosclerosis, except for a higher percentage of females and of diabetic patients in group 2. Critical limb ischemia was present in 29 patients in group 1 (35.5%) and in 31 patients in group 2 (24%, p = 0.07). Technical success in group 2 was 98.5%; two patients required immediate conversion to open surgery for iliac rupture. There was one peri-operative death in group 1 (mortality rate 1.2%, p = 0.2 in comparison with group 2). Four peri-operative thromboses occurred; two in group 1 and two in group 2 (in one case requiring conversion to open surgical intervention) and no amputations at 30 days were recorded. Post-operative local and systemic complications occurred in 20 patients in group 1 (24%) and in 13 patients in group 2 (10% p = 0.006). Mean duration of follow up was 39 months (range 1 –108 months). Survival rates at 6 years were 65% (SE 0.07) in group 1 and 82% (SE 0.05) in group 2 (p = 0.07). At the same time interval, primary, assisted primary and secondary patency rates were similar; re-intervention rates were 6% in group 1 (SE 0.05) and 11% in group 2 (SE 0.04; p = 0.2). Conclusion: Endovascular repair of complex aorto-iliac lesions with the kissing stent technique, in the multicentre experience, provided similar satisfactory early and late results to those obtained with open surgery, however with a lower rate of peri-operative complications and a trend towards better long-term survival.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Titolo:||Comparison between Aorto-bifemoral Bypass and Aorto-iliac Kissing Stent in Patients with Complex Aorto-iliac Obstructive Disease|
|Rivista:||EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF VASCULAR AND ENDOVASCULAR SURGERY|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.ejvs.2015.06.063|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su Rivista|