Coevolution of the three basic mechanisms of immunity, intrinsic, innate and adaptive, is a constant feature of the host defense against pathogens. Within this frame, a peculiar role is played by restriction factors (RFs), elements of intrinsic immunity that interfere with viral life cycle. Often considered as molecules whose specific functions are distinct and unrelated among themselves recent results indicate instead, at least for some of them, a concerted action against the pathogen. Here we review recent findings on the antiviral activity of tripartite motif 22 (TRIM22) and class II transactivator (CIITA), first discovered as human immunodeficiency virus 1 RFs, but endowed with general antiviral activity. TRIM22 and CIITA provide the first example of cellular proteins acting together to potentiate their intrinsic immunity.

Tripartite motif 22 and class II transactivator restriction factors: Unveiling their concerted action against retroviruses

Forlani, Greta
Primo
;
Accolla, Roberto
Ultimo
2017-01-01

Abstract

Coevolution of the three basic mechanisms of immunity, intrinsic, innate and adaptive, is a constant feature of the host defense against pathogens. Within this frame, a peculiar role is played by restriction factors (RFs), elements of intrinsic immunity that interfere with viral life cycle. Often considered as molecules whose specific functions are distinct and unrelated among themselves recent results indicate instead, at least for some of them, a concerted action against the pathogen. Here we review recent findings on the antiviral activity of tripartite motif 22 (TRIM22) and class II transactivator (CIITA), first discovered as human immunodeficiency virus 1 RFs, but endowed with general antiviral activity. TRIM22 and CIITA provide the first example of cellular proteins acting together to potentiate their intrinsic immunity.
2017
https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fimmu.2017.01362/full
Class II transactivator; CyclinT1; Human immunodeficiency virus 1; Nuclear bodies; Promyleocitic leukemia protein; Restriction factors; Tripartite motif 22; Immunology and Allergy; Immunology
Forlani, Greta; Accolla, Roberto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2066280
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