Telocytes, a peculiar cell type, were recently found in vertebrates. Hence this cell system has been reported as ubiquitous in the bodies of mammals and interpreted as an important player in innate immunity and tissue regeneration, it is reasonable to look for it also in invertebrates, that rely their integrity solely by innate immunity. Here we describe, at morphological and functional level, invertebrate telocytes from the body of leech Hirudo medicinalis (Annelida), suggesting how these cells, forming a resident stromal 3D network, can influence or participate in different events. These findings support the concepts that leech telocytes: i) are organized in a cellular dynamic and versatile 3D network likewise the vertebrate counterpart; ii) are an evolutionarily conserved immune-neuroendocrine system; iii) form an immuno-surveillance system of resident cells responding faster than migrating immunocytes recruited in stimulated area; iv) communicate with neighbouring cells directly and indirectly, via cell-cell contacts and soluble molecules secreted by multivesicular bodies; v) present within neo-vessels, share with immunocytes the mesodermal lineage; vi) are involved in regenerative processes. In conclusion, we propose that HmTCs, integrating so different functions, might explain the innate immune memory and can be associated with several aged related diseases.

A new cellular type in invertebrates: first evidence of telocytes in leech Hirudo medicinalis

Pulze, Laura
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Baranzini, Nicolò
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Girardello, Rossana
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Grimaldi, Annalisa
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Reguzzoni, Marcella
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Tettamanti, Gianluca
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
de Eguileor, Magda
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
2017-01-01

Abstract

Telocytes, a peculiar cell type, were recently found in vertebrates. Hence this cell system has been reported as ubiquitous in the bodies of mammals and interpreted as an important player in innate immunity and tissue regeneration, it is reasonable to look for it also in invertebrates, that rely their integrity solely by innate immunity. Here we describe, at morphological and functional level, invertebrate telocytes from the body of leech Hirudo medicinalis (Annelida), suggesting how these cells, forming a resident stromal 3D network, can influence or participate in different events. These findings support the concepts that leech telocytes: i) are organized in a cellular dynamic and versatile 3D network likewise the vertebrate counterpart; ii) are an evolutionarily conserved immune-neuroendocrine system; iii) form an immuno-surveillance system of resident cells responding faster than migrating immunocytes recruited in stimulated area; iv) communicate with neighbouring cells directly and indirectly, via cell-cell contacts and soluble molecules secreted by multivesicular bodies; v) present within neo-vessels, share with immunocytes the mesodermal lineage; vi) are involved in regenerative processes. In conclusion, we propose that HmTCs, integrating so different functions, might explain the innate immune memory and can be associated with several aged related diseases.
2017
Telocytes, Leech
Pulze, Laura; Baranzini, Nicolò; Girardello, Rossana; Grimaldi, Annalisa; Ibba-Manneschi, Lidia; Ottaviani, Enzo; Reguzzoni, Marcella; Tettamanti, Gianluca; de Eguileor, Magda
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2069130
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