The spatial deployment of lateral roots determines the ability of a plant to interact with the surrounding environment for nutrition and anchorage. This paper shows that besides the pericycle, the vascular cambium becomes active in Arabidopsis thaliana taproot at a later stage of development and is also able to form new lateral roots. To demonstrate the above, we implemented a two-step approach in which the first step leads to development of a secondary structure in A.thaliana taproot, and the second applies a mechanical stress on the vascular cambium to initiate formation of a new lateral root primordium. GUS staining showed PRE3, DR5 and WOX11 signals in the cambial zone of the root during new lateral root formation. An advanced level of wood formation, characterized by the presence of medullar rays, was achieved. Preliminary investigations suggest the involvement of auxin and two transcription factors (PRE3/ATBS1/bHLH135/TMO7 and WOX11) in the transition of some vascular cambium initials from a role as producers of xylem/phloem mother cells to founder cells of a new lateral root primordium.

Transcription factors PRE3 and WOX11 are involved in the formation of new lateral roots from secondary growth taproot in A.thaliana

Baesso, B.;Chiatante, D.;Terzaghi, M.;ZENGA, DANIELA FABIOLA;Scippa, G. S.;Montagnoli, A.
2018

Abstract

The spatial deployment of lateral roots determines the ability of a plant to interact with the surrounding environment for nutrition and anchorage. This paper shows that besides the pericycle, the vascular cambium becomes active in Arabidopsis thaliana taproot at a later stage of development and is also able to form new lateral roots. To demonstrate the above, we implemented a two-step approach in which the first step leads to development of a secondary structure in A.thaliana taproot, and the second applies a mechanical stress on the vascular cambium to initiate formation of a new lateral root primordium. GUS staining showed PRE3, DR5 and WOX11 signals in the cambial zone of the root during new lateral root formation. An advanced level of wood formation, characterized by the presence of medullar rays, was achieved. Preliminary investigations suggest the involvement of auxin and two transcription factors (PRE3/ATBS1/bHLH135/TMO7 and WOX11) in the transition of some vascular cambium initials from a role as producers of xylem/phloem mother cells to founder cells of a new lateral root primordium.
http://www.wiley.com/bw/journal.asp?ref=1435-8603
Auxin; bending; lateral root; PRE3; secondary structure; WOX11; Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics; Plant Science
Baesso, B.; Chiatante, D.; Terzaghi, M.; Zenga, DANIELA FABIOLA; Nieminen, K.; Mahonen, A. P.; Siligato, R.; Helariutta, Y.; Scippa, G. S.; Montagnoli, A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2073157
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