Photocatalytic H2evolution reactions on pristine TiO2is characterized by low efficiencies that are due to trapping and recombination of charge carriers and due to a sluggish kinetics of electron transfer. Noble-metal (mainly Pt, Pd, Au) nanoparticles are typically decorated as co-catalysts on the TiO2surface to reach reasonable photocatalytic yields. However, because of the high cost of noble metals, alternative metal co-catalysts are being developed. Here, we introduce an approach to fabricate an efficient noble-metal-free photocatalytic platform for H2evolution based on alloyed NiCu co-catalytic nanoparticles at the surface of anodic TiO2nanotube arrays. NiCu bilayers are deposited onto the TiO2nanotubes by plasma sputtering. A subsequent thermal treatment is carried out that leads to dewetting, that is, because of surface diffusion, the Ni- and Cu-sputtered layers simultaneously mix with each other while splitting into NiCu nanoparticles at the nanotube surface. The approach allows for a full control over key features of the alloyed nanoparticles, such as their composition, work function, and co-catalytic ability toward H2generation. Dewetted-alloyed co-catalytic nanoparticles composed of equal Ni and Cu amounts not only are significantly more reactive than pure Ni or Cu nanoparticles, but also lead to H2generation rates that can be comparable to those obtained by conventional noble-metal (Pt) decoration of TiO2nanotube arrays.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Titolo:||Templated dewetting-alloying of NiCu Bilayers on TiO2nanotubes enables efficient noble-metal-free photocatalytic H2evolution|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1021/acscatal.8b01190|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000434369600056|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-85046646721|
|Parole Chiave:||dewetting; H2evolution; Ni Cu alloy; photocatalysis; TiO2nanotube; Catalysis|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su Rivista|