The activation of brain nociceptors and neurons may lead to neurogenic inflammation, an event that involves immune cells including mast cells (MCs). Microglia are similar to macrophages and secrete pro-inflammatory IL-1 family members and TNF. TNF is rapidly released (first 10 minutes from MC granules) and is subsequently secreted along with other pro-inflammatory cytokines with a new synthesis after several hours. MC-derived TNF is a very powerful pro-inflammatory cytokine which mediates sensitization of the meningeal nociceptors. Here, we report the involvement of MCs in neuroinflammation, the role of inflammatory cytokine IL-1 family members, and of TNF, as well as the potential inhibition of IL-37.

New concepts in neuroinflammation: Mast cells pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokine mediators

CONTI, COSTANZA;Tettamanti, L.;Mastrangelo, F.;
2018-01-01

Abstract

The activation of brain nociceptors and neurons may lead to neurogenic inflammation, an event that involves immune cells including mast cells (MCs). Microglia are similar to macrophages and secrete pro-inflammatory IL-1 family members and TNF. TNF is rapidly released (first 10 minutes from MC granules) and is subsequently secreted along with other pro-inflammatory cytokines with a new synthesis after several hours. MC-derived TNF is a very powerful pro-inflammatory cytokine which mediates sensitization of the meningeal nociceptors. Here, we report the involvement of MCs in neuroinflammation, the role of inflammatory cytokine IL-1 family members, and of TNF, as well as the potential inhibition of IL-37.
2018
http://www.biolifesas.org/contentsJBRHA.htm
Cytokines; Glia; Mast cells; Neuroinflammation; Neurons; Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism; Immunology and Allergy; Physiology; Immunology; Oncology; Endocrinology; Physiology (medical); Cancer Research
Caraffa, Al.; Conti, Costanza; D'Ovidio, C.; Gallenga, C. E.; Tettamanti, L.; Mastrangelo, F.; Ronconi, G.; Kritas, S. K.; Conti, P.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2075155
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