The Callovo-Oxfordian clay-rich rock formation is currently considered as host rock barrier in the French geological repository facility for radioactive waste (Meuse/Haute-Marne). After the closure of the facility, hydrogen gas is expected to develop mainly from anaerobic corrosion of steel containers and other ironcontaining structures. Gas pressure build-up could impact the safety of the repository. It is therefore important to acquire in-depth knowledge on the interaction between hydrogen gas and surrounding clay rock in terms of uptake ability and diffusion. Hydrogen uptake capacity was evaluated on dried clay rock samples: (i) at 20K, to allow for hydrogen liquefaction and determine the maximal Hy uptake of the clay, and (ii) at typical pressure and temperature conditions expected to develop in the repository (up to 363 K and a hydrogen pressure of 40-60 bar). H-2 absorption on the dried raw Callovo-Oxfordian start to saturate at about 30-40 bar, and the average adsorption above 40 bar is about 0.1% in weight. Quasi-elastic neutron scattering spectroscopy was used to study the diffusion mechanism of hydrogen gas in the clay rock at the microscopic scale and to determine hydrogen self-diffusion coefficients in the dry samples in the temperature range 25-300 K. Neutron data suggested that hydrogen diffuses in the dry clay rock according to Fick's law. The findings reported in this work can help to better understand the behavior of H-2 in clay rock samples. (c) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Hydrogen uptake and diffusion in Callovo-Oxfordian clay rock for nuclear waste disposal technology

Vitillo J;
2014

Abstract

The Callovo-Oxfordian clay-rich rock formation is currently considered as host rock barrier in the French geological repository facility for radioactive waste (Meuse/Haute-Marne). After the closure of the facility, hydrogen gas is expected to develop mainly from anaerobic corrosion of steel containers and other ironcontaining structures. Gas pressure build-up could impact the safety of the repository. It is therefore important to acquire in-depth knowledge on the interaction between hydrogen gas and surrounding clay rock in terms of uptake ability and diffusion. Hydrogen uptake capacity was evaluated on dried clay rock samples: (i) at 20K, to allow for hydrogen liquefaction and determine the maximal Hy uptake of the clay, and (ii) at typical pressure and temperature conditions expected to develop in the repository (up to 363 K and a hydrogen pressure of 40-60 bar). H-2 absorption on the dried raw Callovo-Oxfordian start to saturate at about 30-40 bar, and the average adsorption above 40 bar is about 0.1% in weight. Quasi-elastic neutron scattering spectroscopy was used to study the diffusion mechanism of hydrogen gas in the clay rock at the microscopic scale and to determine hydrogen self-diffusion coefficients in the dry samples in the temperature range 25-300 K. Neutron data suggested that hydrogen diffuses in the dry clay rock according to Fick's law. The findings reported in this work can help to better understand the behavior of H-2 in clay rock samples. (c) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Bardelli, F; Mondelli, C; Didier, M; Vitillo, J; Cavicchia, Dr; Robinet, Jc; Leone, L; Charlet, L
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11383/2076346
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