Thaumetopoea pityocampa is an important pine pest in the Mediterranean basin and central Europe and larvae are called pine processionary caterpillars. To understand the resistance mehcanism for management, a study on the immune system and reactions of the larva in different stage was conduced. The aim of our work is to identify the hemocytes of the caterpillar during the larval stages L 2 , L 3 and L 4 , as well as the quantification of the different cells during each stage. After extraction of the hemolymph by centrifugation, the cells were placed in culture medium and then incubated. Microscopic observation has shown that prohemocytes population appear early in hemolymph, they differentiate into plasmatocytes and granulocytes during the advanced stages. The quantification process has shown that granulocytes are the most abundant cell population in the hemolymph of the insect larvae. To investigate the role of hemocytes in immune responses, cells of T. pityocampa were co-incubated with bacteria, entomopathogenic nematodes and synthetic beads. Both humoral and cellular encapsulation processes was observed early in larval stages, all hemocytes seem to be involved in the formation of nodules and capsules against bacteria and microbeads. The entomopathogenic nematodes(Steinemema feltiae) were not recognized and encapsulated, but their presence can strongly damages host hemocytes.

Quantification of the pine processionary caterpillar Thaumetopoea pityocampa (Notodontidae) haemocytes

Brivio M F;Mastore M.
2018

Abstract

Thaumetopoea pityocampa is an important pine pest in the Mediterranean basin and central Europe and larvae are called pine processionary caterpillars. To understand the resistance mehcanism for management, a study on the immune system and reactions of the larva in different stage was conduced. The aim of our work is to identify the hemocytes of the caterpillar during the larval stages L 2 , L 3 and L 4 , as well as the quantification of the different cells during each stage. After extraction of the hemolymph by centrifugation, the cells were placed in culture medium and then incubated. Microscopic observation has shown that prohemocytes population appear early in hemolymph, they differentiate into plasmatocytes and granulocytes during the advanced stages. The quantification process has shown that granulocytes are the most abundant cell population in the hemolymph of the insect larvae. To investigate the role of hemocytes in immune responses, cells of T. pityocampa were co-incubated with bacteria, entomopathogenic nematodes and synthetic beads. Both humoral and cellular encapsulation processes was observed early in larval stages, all hemocytes seem to be involved in the formation of nodules and capsules against bacteria and microbeads. The entomopathogenic nematodes(Steinemema feltiae) were not recognized and encapsulated, but their presence can strongly damages host hemocytes.
http://indianecologicalsociety.com/society/indian-ecology-journals/
Encapsulation; Entomopathogenic; Granulocytes; Plasmatocytes; Prohemocytes; Steinemema feltiae; Thaumetopoea pityocampa;
Boudjahem, I; Brivio, MAURIZIO FRANCESCO; Berchi, S; Mastore, M.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11383/2077809
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact