Background: Age-adjusted D-dimer has been proposed to increase specificity for the diagnosis of venous thromboembolism (VTE). However, the accuracy of this threshold has been recently questioned. Objectives: To assess the diagnostic performance of age-adjusted D-dimer combined with clinical pretest probability (PTP) in patients with suspected deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Methods: PALLADIO (NCT01412242) was a multicenter management study that validated a new diagnostic algorithm, incorporating PTP, D-dimer (using the manufacturer's cut-off) and limited or extended compression ultrasonography (CUS) in outpatients with clinically suspected DVT. Patients with unlikely PTP and negative D-dimer had DVT ruled out without further testing (group 1); patients with likely PTP or positive D-dimer underwent limited CUS (group 2); patients with likely PTP and positive D-dimer underwent extended CUS (group 3). Patients with DVT ruled out at baseline had a 3-month follow-up. In this post-hoc analysis we evaluated age-adjusted D-dimer cut-off (defined as age times 10 lg L-1, or age times 5 lg L-1 for D-dimers with a lower manufacturer's cut-off, in patients > 50 years). Results: In total, 1162 patients were enrolled. At initial visit, DVT was detected in 4.0% of patients in group 2 and 53.0% in group 3. The age-adjusted D-dimer, compared with the fixed cut-off, resulted in 5.1% (95% CI, 4.0-6.5%) reduction of CUS. The incidence of symptomatic VTE during follow-up was: 0.24% (95% CI, 0.04-1.37) in group 1; 1.12% (95% CI, 0.44-2.85) in group 2; and 1.89% (95% CI, 0.64-5.40) in group 3. Conclusions: The PALLADIO algorithm using ageadjusted D-dimer slightly decreased the number of required imaging tests, but this approach should be confirmed in large management studies.

Age-adjusted D-dimer to rule out deep vein thrombosis: findings from the PALLADIO algorithm

Ageno, W.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Donadini, M.
Ultimo
2018-01-01

Abstract

Background: Age-adjusted D-dimer has been proposed to increase specificity for the diagnosis of venous thromboembolism (VTE). However, the accuracy of this threshold has been recently questioned. Objectives: To assess the diagnostic performance of age-adjusted D-dimer combined with clinical pretest probability (PTP) in patients with suspected deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Methods: PALLADIO (NCT01412242) was a multicenter management study that validated a new diagnostic algorithm, incorporating PTP, D-dimer (using the manufacturer's cut-off) and limited or extended compression ultrasonography (CUS) in outpatients with clinically suspected DVT. Patients with unlikely PTP and negative D-dimer had DVT ruled out without further testing (group 1); patients with likely PTP or positive D-dimer underwent limited CUS (group 2); patients with likely PTP and positive D-dimer underwent extended CUS (group 3). Patients with DVT ruled out at baseline had a 3-month follow-up. In this post-hoc analysis we evaluated age-adjusted D-dimer cut-off (defined as age times 10 lg L-1, or age times 5 lg L-1 for D-dimers with a lower manufacturer's cut-off, in patients > 50 years). Results: In total, 1162 patients were enrolled. At initial visit, DVT was detected in 4.0% of patients in group 2 and 53.0% in group 3. The age-adjusted D-dimer, compared with the fixed cut-off, resulted in 5.1% (95% CI, 4.0-6.5%) reduction of CUS. The incidence of symptomatic VTE during follow-up was: 0.24% (95% CI, 0.04-1.37) in group 1; 1.12% (95% CI, 0.44-2.85) in group 2; and 1.89% (95% CI, 0.64-5.40) in group 3. Conclusions: The PALLADIO algorithm using ageadjusted D-dimer slightly decreased the number of required imaging tests, but this approach should be confirmed in large management studies.
2018
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1538-7836
algorithms; diagnosis; outpatients; ultrasonography; venous thrombosis;
Riva, N.; Camporese, G.; Iotti, M.; Bucherini, E.; Righini, M.; Kamphuisen, P. W.; Verhamme, P.; Douketis, J. D.; Tonello, C.; Prandoni, P.; Ageno, W.; Ghirarduzzi, A.; Veropalumbo, M. R.; Donadini, M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2078018
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