Objective(s): To assess incidence, risk factors, management, and short and long-term outcomes of unintentional transvesical caesarean section (UTV-CS) defined as any extraction of the fetus through a double full thickness bladder wall cystotomy. Study design: Data about all UTV-CS between January 2013 and December 2017 were retrieved searching the diagnosis of bladder injury and bladder repair during caesarean section (CS) in our comprehensive computerized labor and delivery database and register. CS with bladder wall injury not classified as UTV-CS were excluded. Data analysis included maternal history, demographics and obstetric parameters, details regarding CSs, bladder injury location and extension, and short- and long-term maternal outcomes. Results: Among 28,822 deliveries, 7,616 (26.42%) were CSs. Three cases of UTV-CS were identified with comprehensive incidence of 0.039%. We provided details of the reported cases and described bladder repair procedure. Conclusion(s): This is the first study that assessed the incidence of UTV-CS. UTV-CS risk factors are consistent with factors related to milder bladder injuries. The risk of bladder injury during CS should be always considered, despite the low incidence of this complication. Prompt diagnosis and surgical repair seem to allow avoiding severe complications and recovery of a normal urological function even in UTV-CS.

Unintentional transvesical caesarean section: incidence, risk factors, surgical technique and post-operative management

Franchi, Massimo;GARZON, SIMONE;Casarin, Jvan;Cromi, Antonella;Ghezzi, Fabio
2019

Abstract

Objective(s): To assess incidence, risk factors, management, and short and long-term outcomes of unintentional transvesical caesarean section (UTV-CS) defined as any extraction of the fetus through a double full thickness bladder wall cystotomy. Study design: Data about all UTV-CS between January 2013 and December 2017 were retrieved searching the diagnosis of bladder injury and bladder repair during caesarean section (CS) in our comprehensive computerized labor and delivery database and register. CS with bladder wall injury not classified as UTV-CS were excluded. Data analysis included maternal history, demographics and obstetric parameters, details regarding CSs, bladder injury location and extension, and short- and long-term maternal outcomes. Results: Among 28,822 deliveries, 7,616 (26.42%) were CSs. Three cases of UTV-CS were identified with comprehensive incidence of 0.039%. We provided details of the reported cases and described bladder repair procedure. Conclusion(s): This is the first study that assessed the incidence of UTV-CS. UTV-CS risk factors are consistent with factors related to milder bladder injuries. The risk of bladder injury during CS should be always considered, despite the low incidence of this complication. Prompt diagnosis and surgical repair seem to allow avoiding severe complications and recovery of a normal urological function even in UTV-CS.
www.elsevier.com/locate/ejogrb
Bladder injury; Caesarean section; Incidence; Obstetrics complications; Transvesical caesarean section; Reproductive Medicine; Obstetrics and Gynecology
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11383/2078739
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 20
  • Scopus 27
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 23
social impact