Introduction: Indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence imaging system is a now a consolidated complementary technique for several surgical fields. The development of post-transplant lymphocele following lymph spread could affect kidney function; between therapeutic options, the literature reports a 12% overall conversion rate from laparoscopic to open surgery with a major risk of damaging the urinary tract. Objective: The goal of the present study was to demonstrate that intraoperative ICG fluorescent imaging is a safe technique that can be used in laparoscopy establishing the exact location of the lymphocele and reducing intraoperative risks. Method: Fifty milligrams of ICG dissolved in 20 mL of saline solution was injected via percutaneous drainage placed into the lymphocele to decompress transplanted kidneys 2 weeks before a laparoscopic lymphocele marsupialization procedure. Results: During the first exploratory laparoscopy, in the flank and right iliac fossa, near the 2 renal grafts, fluorescence was identified in 3 raised areas that were the internal side of the lymphocele lobes. The lymphocele wall was dissected and 300 mL of serous fluid was aspirated after puncturing. A 5 cm breach was then made in the cyst wall using the Ultracision harmonic scalpel (Ethicon US). Afterwards, a pedicle of the omentum in the lymphocele core was interfered with and fixed by 2 stitches. Conclusions: Laparoscopic surgery seems to be the preferred surgical option for the treatment of primary symptomatic lymphocele after kidney transplantation. Intraoperative ICG fluorescent imaging is a safe technique to establish the exact location of the lymphocele and reduces the risk of damaging urinary structures during surgery.

Indocyanine Green as a Beacon Light in Laparoscopy: A New Application in Transplant Surgery: A Case Report

Ietto G.;Iovino D.;Soldini G.;Zani E.;Parise C.;Raveglia V.;FERRI, ENRICO;Tozzi M.;Carcano G.
2019

Abstract

Introduction: Indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence imaging system is a now a consolidated complementary technique for several surgical fields. The development of post-transplant lymphocele following lymph spread could affect kidney function; between therapeutic options, the literature reports a 12% overall conversion rate from laparoscopic to open surgery with a major risk of damaging the urinary tract. Objective: The goal of the present study was to demonstrate that intraoperative ICG fluorescent imaging is a safe technique that can be used in laparoscopy establishing the exact location of the lymphocele and reducing intraoperative risks. Method: Fifty milligrams of ICG dissolved in 20 mL of saline solution was injected via percutaneous drainage placed into the lymphocele to decompress transplanted kidneys 2 weeks before a laparoscopic lymphocele marsupialization procedure. Results: During the first exploratory laparoscopy, in the flank and right iliac fossa, near the 2 renal grafts, fluorescence was identified in 3 raised areas that were the internal side of the lymphocele lobes. The lymphocele wall was dissected and 300 mL of serous fluid was aspirated after puncturing. A 5 cm breach was then made in the cyst wall using the Ultracision harmonic scalpel (Ethicon US). Afterwards, a pedicle of the omentum in the lymphocele core was interfered with and fixed by 2 stitches. Conclusions: Laparoscopic surgery seems to be the preferred surgical option for the treatment of primary symptomatic lymphocele after kidney transplantation. Intraoperative ICG fluorescent imaging is a safe technique to establish the exact location of the lymphocele and reduces the risk of damaging urinary structures during surgery.
www.elsevier.com/locate/transproceed
Aged; Humans; Kidney Transplantation; Laparoscopy; Lymphocele; Male; Postoperative Complications; Coloring Agents; Indocyanine Green
Ietto, G.; Iovino, D.; Soldini, G.; Zani, E.; Parise, C.; Raveglia, V.; Ferri, Enrico; Latham, L.; Confalonieri, D.; Saredi, G.; Tozzi, M.; Carcano, G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2079597
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