A sufficiently connected topology linking the constituent units of a complex system is usually seen as a prerequisite for the emergence of collective phenomena such as synchronization. We present a random network of heterogeneous phase oscillators in which the links mediating the interactions are constantly rearranged with a characteristic timescale and, possibly, an extremely low instantaneous connectivity. We show that with strong coupling and sufficiently fast rewiring the network reaches partial synchronization even in the vanishing connectivity limit. In particular, we provide an approximate analytical argument, based on the comparison between the different characteristic timescales of our system in the low connectivity regime, which is able to predict the transition to synchronization threshold with satisfactory precision beyond the formal fast rewiring limit. We interpret our results as a qualitative mechanism for emergence of consensus in social communities. In particular, our result suggest that groups of individuals are capable of aligning their opinions under extremely sparse exchanges of views, which is reminiscent of fast communications that take place in the modern social media. Our results may also be relevant to characterize the onset of collective behavior in engineered systems of mobile units with limited wireless capabilities.

Synchronization in time-varying random networks with vanishing connectivity

Ginelli F.;
2019

Abstract

A sufficiently connected topology linking the constituent units of a complex system is usually seen as a prerequisite for the emergence of collective phenomena such as synchronization. We present a random network of heterogeneous phase oscillators in which the links mediating the interactions are constantly rearranged with a characteristic timescale and, possibly, an extremely low instantaneous connectivity. We show that with strong coupling and sufficiently fast rewiring the network reaches partial synchronization even in the vanishing connectivity limit. In particular, we provide an approximate analytical argument, based on the comparison between the different characteristic timescales of our system in the low connectivity regime, which is able to predict the transition to synchronization threshold with satisfactory precision beyond the formal fast rewiring limit. We interpret our results as a qualitative mechanism for emergence of consensus in social communities. In particular, our result suggest that groups of individuals are capable of aligning their opinions under extremely sparse exchanges of views, which is reminiscent of fast communications that take place in the modern social media. Our results may also be relevant to characterize the onset of collective behavior in engineered systems of mobile units with limited wireless capabilities.
www.nature.com/srep/index.html
Faggian, M.; Ginelli, F.; Rosas, F.; Levnajic, Z.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11383/2083470
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