Introduction: The prophylaxis of thromboembolic events represents a key point in the modern management of patients with non valvular atrial fibrillation (AF), both paroxysmal and persistent/permanent. Up to now, vitamin K antagonist (VKA) drugs are the first choice in thromboembolic prophylaxis. Their treatment limitations have lead to development and clinical experimental use of new molecules aimed to overcome their limits. The new oral anticoagulants, such as dabigatran, a direct inhibitor of thrombin or rivaroxaban and apixaban, direct inhibitors of activated factor X, have been compared to warfarin in randomized clinical phase three trials (RCTs) for thromboembolic prevention in patients with non valvular AF with the aim to demonstrate their non inferiority when compared to warfarin. The results of these trials have been recently published. In this article the authors review the results of efficacy and safety of these three more recently published large RCTs. Conclusions: All RCTs, RE-LY for dabigatran, ROCKET-AF for rivaroxaban and ARISTOTLE for apixaban met the study end-points and demonstrated a good safety profile of each new oral anticoagulant, so promising a new era for thromboembolic prevention therapy in AF. © 2012 Elsevier Srl. All rights reserved.

Efficacy and safety of new oral anticoagulants compared with warfarin in cardioembolic prophylaxis of patients with non valvular atrial fibrillation. More lights than shadows

Ageno W.;
2012

Abstract

Introduction: The prophylaxis of thromboembolic events represents a key point in the modern management of patients with non valvular atrial fibrillation (AF), both paroxysmal and persistent/permanent. Up to now, vitamin K antagonist (VKA) drugs are the first choice in thromboembolic prophylaxis. Their treatment limitations have lead to development and clinical experimental use of new molecules aimed to overcome their limits. The new oral anticoagulants, such as dabigatran, a direct inhibitor of thrombin or rivaroxaban and apixaban, direct inhibitors of activated factor X, have been compared to warfarin in randomized clinical phase three trials (RCTs) for thromboembolic prevention in patients with non valvular AF with the aim to demonstrate their non inferiority when compared to warfarin. The results of these trials have been recently published. In this article the authors review the results of efficacy and safety of these three more recently published large RCTs. Conclusions: All RCTs, RE-LY for dabigatran, ROCKET-AF for rivaroxaban and ARISTOTLE for apixaban met the study end-points and demonstrated a good safety profile of each new oral anticoagulant, so promising a new era for thromboembolic prevention therapy in AF. © 2012 Elsevier Srl. All rights reserved.
Apixaban; Atrial fibrillation; Dabigatran; Rivaroxaban; Stroke
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11383/2098292
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 3
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact