Introduction: Data regarding catheter ablation (CA) of atrial tachycardias (ATs) occurring after mitral valve surgery (MVS) are scarce. The aim of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of CA of ATs in this surgical population through a systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis. Methods: A systematic search on PubMed/MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Web of Science was performed considering patients undergoing CA for ATs occurring after MVS. Periprocedural thromboembolic and hemorrhagic complications were assessed. The acute success and maintenance of sinus rhythm (SR) at a mid (<24 months) and long-term follow-up (FU) after CA were investigated along with the burden of arrhythmic recurrence at FU. Results: Fourteen studies for a total of 227 patients were considered. Three-dimensional (3D) mapping systems were used in all studies. Only two major bleedings were recorded with a pooled estimate of periprocedural major complications of 0%. The acute success after CA was 95% with a clear improvement over time. Although maintenance of SR was 71% at a midterm FU, long-term efficacy was as low as 47% due to an increased burden of atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence despite multiple procedures/patient. Conclusion: In this meta-analysis, CA of postsurgical ATs after MVS proved safe and effective but with still a significant burden of AF recurrence at more than 24 months of FU due to a progressive atrial substrate deterioration. The improvement of procedural success over time might suggest a learning curve in optimizing the use of 3D mapping systems.

Catheter ablation of atrial tachycardias after mitral valve surgery: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Marazzato J.
Primo
;
Angeli F.;Golino M.;Ferrarese S.;Beghi C.
Penultimo
;
De Ponti R.
Ultimo
2020-01-01

Abstract

Introduction: Data regarding catheter ablation (CA) of atrial tachycardias (ATs) occurring after mitral valve surgery (MVS) are scarce. The aim of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of CA of ATs in this surgical population through a systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis. Methods: A systematic search on PubMed/MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Web of Science was performed considering patients undergoing CA for ATs occurring after MVS. Periprocedural thromboembolic and hemorrhagic complications were assessed. The acute success and maintenance of sinus rhythm (SR) at a mid (<24 months) and long-term follow-up (FU) after CA were investigated along with the burden of arrhythmic recurrence at FU. Results: Fourteen studies for a total of 227 patients were considered. Three-dimensional (3D) mapping systems were used in all studies. Only two major bleedings were recorded with a pooled estimate of periprocedural major complications of 0%. The acute success after CA was 95% with a clear improvement over time. Although maintenance of SR was 71% at a midterm FU, long-term efficacy was as low as 47% due to an increased burden of atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence despite multiple procedures/patient. Conclusion: In this meta-analysis, CA of postsurgical ATs after MVS proved safe and effective but with still a significant burden of AF recurrence at more than 24 months of FU due to a progressive atrial substrate deterioration. The improvement of procedural success over time might suggest a learning curve in optimizing the use of 3D mapping systems.
atrial fibrillation; mitral valve surgery; postsurgical atrial tachycardias; radiofrequency catheter ablation; surgical ablation of atrial fibrillation
Marazzato, J.; Cappabianca, G.; Angeli, F.; Crippa, M.; Golino, M.; Ferrarese, S.; Beghi, C.; De Ponti, R.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2099527
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