Total and segmental body composition (fat mass, FM; fat-free mass, FFM; bone mineral density, BMD) were evaluated in 13 sedentary spinal cord injury (SCI) subjects and in 13 able-bodied healthy males (control, C) using dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and skinfold methods. In the SCI group, total FM was significantly higher (31.1±8.2 vs. 20.8±6.9%) and total FFM was significantly lower (62.2±8.9 vs. 73.5±6.4%) than in C subjects. Total BMD did not differ between the SCI and C groups (1.20±0.11 vs. 1.30±0.11 g/cm2). In the SCI group, segmental FM was higher in the legs and trunk, whereas BMD was lower in legs only. The skinfold method significantly underestimated FM in the SCI group. Body composition is severely modified in paralyzed segments. The predictive equations developed for healthy populations appear to be inapplicable to SCI subjects.

Body composition assessment in spinal cord injury subjects

G. Merati;
2003

Abstract

Total and segmental body composition (fat mass, FM; fat-free mass, FFM; bone mineral density, BMD) were evaluated in 13 sedentary spinal cord injury (SCI) subjects and in 13 able-bodied healthy males (control, C) using dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and skinfold methods. In the SCI group, total FM was significantly higher (31.1±8.2 vs. 20.8±6.9%) and total FFM was significantly lower (62.2±8.9 vs. 73.5±6.4%) than in C subjects. Total BMD did not differ between the SCI and C groups (1.20±0.11 vs. 1.30±0.11 g/cm2). In the SCI group, segmental FM was higher in the legs and trunk, whereas BMD was lower in legs only. The skinfold method significantly underestimated FM in the SCI group. Body composition is severely modified in paralyzed segments. The predictive equations developed for healthy populations appear to be inapplicable to SCI subjects.
Body composition; Bone mineral density; Fat free mass; Fat mass; Spinal cord injury
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11383/2101827
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 33
  • Scopus 83
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 76
social impact