An analytical method derived from the coupling of frontal chromatography (FC) with Inductively Coupled Plasma – Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS) is proposed for the fast determination of Cr(VI) ultra-traces. The insertion of a short, homemade column filled with a strong cationic exchange resin in the flow-path of a commercial ICP-MS allows on-line trapping of cationic Cr(III) and elution of anionic Cr(VI). As a result, only the Cr(VI) front reaches the detector. This separation mechanism enables the highly selective quantification of Cr(VI) ultra-traces (LOD = 0.026 µg/kg - defined as 3 s of 10 replicated measurements of a 0.050 µg/kg solution) over a wide linearity range (tested up to 1024 µg/kg), even in the presence of Cr(III) concentration as high as 50 mg/kg. Key advantages of the proposed method are the extremely short analysis time (one minute), together with the simplicity and cost-effectiveness of the modifications applied over a commercial ICP-MS instrumental configuration. No time- or chemical-consuming pretreatments are needed: it is only necessary to acidify the sample prior Cr(VI) determination, as normally performed for common ICP-MS analysis. The applicability of the method was demonstrated over mineral water samples and toy migration solutions.

One-minute highly selective Cr(VI) determination at ultra-trace levels: An ICP-MS method based on the on-line trapping of Cr(III)

Spanu D.;Monticelli D.;Binda G.;Dossi C.;Rampazzi L.;Recchia S.
2021

Abstract

An analytical method derived from the coupling of frontal chromatography (FC) with Inductively Coupled Plasma – Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS) is proposed for the fast determination of Cr(VI) ultra-traces. The insertion of a short, homemade column filled with a strong cationic exchange resin in the flow-path of a commercial ICP-MS allows on-line trapping of cationic Cr(III) and elution of anionic Cr(VI). As a result, only the Cr(VI) front reaches the detector. This separation mechanism enables the highly selective quantification of Cr(VI) ultra-traces (LOD = 0.026 µg/kg - defined as 3 s of 10 replicated measurements of a 0.050 µg/kg solution) over a wide linearity range (tested up to 1024 µg/kg), even in the presence of Cr(III) concentration as high as 50 mg/kg. Key advantages of the proposed method are the extremely short analysis time (one minute), together with the simplicity and cost-effectiveness of the modifications applied over a commercial ICP-MS instrumental configuration. No time- or chemical-consuming pretreatments are needed: it is only necessary to acidify the sample prior Cr(VI) determination, as normally performed for common ICP-MS analysis. The applicability of the method was demonstrated over mineral water samples and toy migration solutions.
Chromium speciation; Hexavalent chromium; ICP-MS; Mineral water; Trace determination
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11383/2104746
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