Rationale: Septic patients have typically reduced concentrations of hemoglobin and albumin, the major components of non-carbonic buffer power(β). This could expose patients to high pH variations during acid-base disorders. Objectives: To compare, in-vitro, non-carbonic β of septic patients with that of healthy volunteers, and evaluate its distinct components. Methods: Whole blood and isolated plasma of 18 septic patients and 18 controls were equilibrated with different CO2 mixtures. Blood gases, pH and electrolytes were measured. Non-carbonic β and non-carbonic β due to variations in Strong Ion Difference (βSID) were calculated for whole blood. Non-carbonic β and non-carbonic β normalized for albumin concentrations (βNORM) were calculated for isolated plasma. Representative values at pH=7.40 were compared. Albumin proteoforms were evaluated via two-dimensional electrophoresis. Measurements and main results: Hemoglobin and albumin concentrations were significantly lower in septic patients. Septic patients had lower non-carbonic β both of whole blood (22.0±1.9 vs. 31.6±2.1 mmol/L, p<0.01) and plasma (0.5±1.0 vs. 3.7±0.8 mmol/L, p<0.01). Non-carbonic βSID was lower in patients (16.8±1.9 vs. 24.4±1.9 mmol/L, p<0.01) and strongly correlated with hemoglobin concentration (r=0.94, p<0.01). Non-carbonic βNORM was lower in patients (0.01 [-0.01 - 0.04] vs. 0.08 [0.06 - 0.09] mmol/g, p<0.01). Septic patients and controls showed different amounts of albumin proteoforms. Conclusions: Septic patients are exposed to higher pH variations for any given change in CO2 due to lower concentrations of non-carbonic buffers and, possibly, an altered buffering function of albumin. In both septic patients and healthy controls, electrolyte shifts are the major buffering mechanism during respiratory acid-base disorders.

Low non-carbonic buffer power amplifies acute respiratory acid-base disorders in septic patients: an in-vitro study

Fasano, Mauro;Lualdi, Marta;Alberio, Tiziana;
2021

Abstract

Rationale: Septic patients have typically reduced concentrations of hemoglobin and albumin, the major components of non-carbonic buffer power(β). This could expose patients to high pH variations during acid-base disorders. Objectives: To compare, in-vitro, non-carbonic β of septic patients with that of healthy volunteers, and evaluate its distinct components. Methods: Whole blood and isolated plasma of 18 septic patients and 18 controls were equilibrated with different CO2 mixtures. Blood gases, pH and electrolytes were measured. Non-carbonic β and non-carbonic β due to variations in Strong Ion Difference (βSID) were calculated for whole blood. Non-carbonic β and non-carbonic β normalized for albumin concentrations (βNORM) were calculated for isolated plasma. Representative values at pH=7.40 were compared. Albumin proteoforms were evaluated via two-dimensional electrophoresis. Measurements and main results: Hemoglobin and albumin concentrations were significantly lower in septic patients. Septic patients had lower non-carbonic β both of whole blood (22.0±1.9 vs. 31.6±2.1 mmol/L, p<0.01) and plasma (0.5±1.0 vs. 3.7±0.8 mmol/L, p<0.01). Non-carbonic βSID was lower in patients (16.8±1.9 vs. 24.4±1.9 mmol/L, p<0.01) and strongly correlated with hemoglobin concentration (r=0.94, p<0.01). Non-carbonic βNORM was lower in patients (0.01 [-0.01 - 0.04] vs. 0.08 [0.06 - 0.09] mmol/g, p<0.01). Septic patients and controls showed different amounts of albumin proteoforms. Conclusions: Septic patients are exposed to higher pH variations for any given change in CO2 due to lower concentrations of non-carbonic buffers and, possibly, an altered buffering function of albumin. In both septic patients and healthy controls, electrolyte shifts are the major buffering mechanism during respiratory acid-base disorders.
Acid-Base Equilibrium; Acidosis, Respiratory; Buffers; Electrolytes; Sepsis
Langer, Thomas; Brusatori, Serena; Carlesso, Eleonora; Zadek, Francesco; Brambilla, Paolo; Ferraris Fusarini, Chiara; Duska, Frantisek; Caironi, Pietro; Gattinoni, Luciano; Fasano, Mauro; Lualdi, Marta; Alberio, Tiziana; Zanella, Alberto; Pesenti, Antonio; Grasselli, Giacomo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11383/2113715
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