Objective: Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) sac shrinkage after endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) has been regarded as positive marker of EVAR success durability. The purpose of this study was to describe the morphovolumetric changes of the AAA sac during follow-up after elective EVAR and to analyze sac shrinkage-related variables. Methods: This is a single-center, retrospective, observational cohort study from a tertiary referral university hospital. All patients treated with EVAR between January 2013 and December 2018 were identified. Inclusion criteria were elective EVAR for AAA, preoperative computed tomography angiography within 6 months before EVAR and at least one postoperative computed tomography angiography during the follow-up, using a standardized protocol. Aneurysm sac shrinkage was defined as diameter decrease of 1 cm or more, volume shrinkage threshold was identified by a 16% decrease compared with the preoperative value. Primary outcomes were early (≤30 days) and late survival, and freedom from aneurysm-related mortality (ARM), and aortic reintervention. Results: There were 149 of the 325 patients (45.8%) who met the inclusion criteria: 133 (89.3%) were male and 16 (10.7%) female. The mean age was 74 ± 7 years (range, 55-87 years); the median AAA diameter was 56 mm (interquartile range, 50.0-61.2 mm) and the median volume was 138.8 cm3 (range, 99.0-178.3 cm3). Primary technical success was achieved in 145 patients (97.3%). The in-hospital mortality rate was 1.3%. The median follow-up was 42 months (interquartile range, 22.5-58.0 months). Both AAA diameter and volume decreased (P =.001 and P =.035, respectively) compared with preoperative measurements. Diameter shrinkage was adjudicated in 27 patients (18.1%), volume shrinkage was observed in 42 patients (28.2%). A Cox regression analysis demonstrated an association between the AAA diameter shrinkage and the preoperative diameter (P =.002; hazard ratio, 1.03; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.011-1.052). The presence of a persistent endoleak predicted the absence of volume shrinkage (P =.001; hazard ratio, 7.75; 95% CI, 2.282-26.291). The estimated freedom from ARM was 97.5 ± 1.0% (95% CI, 93-99) at 12 months, and 96 ± 2% (95% CI, 90-98) at both 36 and 60 months. Aortic reintervention during the follow-up period was necessary in 7 patients (4.7%). ARM was only observed in the group characterized by the concomitant absence of diameter and volume shrinkage. Conclusions: Volumetric analysis showed to have higher sensitivity than the simple two-dimensional measurement of the diameter to study AAA sac changes after EVAR. Although no predictor was found to be associated with AAA volume shrinkage, ARM occurred only in the group of AAAs with the absence of volume shrinkage.

A morphovolumetric analysis of aneurysm sac evolution after elective endovascular abdominal aortic repair

Fontana F.;Venturini M.;Piacentino F.;Tozzi M.;Piffaretti G.
2021

Abstract

Objective: Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) sac shrinkage after endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) has been regarded as positive marker of EVAR success durability. The purpose of this study was to describe the morphovolumetric changes of the AAA sac during follow-up after elective EVAR and to analyze sac shrinkage-related variables. Methods: This is a single-center, retrospective, observational cohort study from a tertiary referral university hospital. All patients treated with EVAR between January 2013 and December 2018 were identified. Inclusion criteria were elective EVAR for AAA, preoperative computed tomography angiography within 6 months before EVAR and at least one postoperative computed tomography angiography during the follow-up, using a standardized protocol. Aneurysm sac shrinkage was defined as diameter decrease of 1 cm or more, volume shrinkage threshold was identified by a 16% decrease compared with the preoperative value. Primary outcomes were early (≤30 days) and late survival, and freedom from aneurysm-related mortality (ARM), and aortic reintervention. Results: There were 149 of the 325 patients (45.8%) who met the inclusion criteria: 133 (89.3%) were male and 16 (10.7%) female. The mean age was 74 ± 7 years (range, 55-87 years); the median AAA diameter was 56 mm (interquartile range, 50.0-61.2 mm) and the median volume was 138.8 cm3 (range, 99.0-178.3 cm3). Primary technical success was achieved in 145 patients (97.3%). The in-hospital mortality rate was 1.3%. The median follow-up was 42 months (interquartile range, 22.5-58.0 months). Both AAA diameter and volume decreased (P =.001 and P =.035, respectively) compared with preoperative measurements. Diameter shrinkage was adjudicated in 27 patients (18.1%), volume shrinkage was observed in 42 patients (28.2%). A Cox regression analysis demonstrated an association between the AAA diameter shrinkage and the preoperative diameter (P =.002; hazard ratio, 1.03; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.011-1.052). The presence of a persistent endoleak predicted the absence of volume shrinkage (P =.001; hazard ratio, 7.75; 95% CI, 2.282-26.291). The estimated freedom from ARM was 97.5 ± 1.0% (95% CI, 93-99) at 12 months, and 96 ± 2% (95% CI, 90-98) at both 36 and 60 months. Aortic reintervention during the follow-up period was necessary in 7 patients (4.7%). ARM was only observed in the group characterized by the concomitant absence of diameter and volume shrinkage. Conclusions: Volumetric analysis showed to have higher sensitivity than the simple two-dimensional measurement of the diameter to study AAA sac changes after EVAR. Although no predictor was found to be associated with AAA volume shrinkage, ARM occurred only in the group of AAAs with the absence of volume shrinkage.
Abdominal aortic aneurysm; Endovascular aortic repair; EVAR; Sac volume; Shrinkage
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11383/2114075
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact